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BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:Mathematising certainty in the 18th century. Jacob Bernoulli’s a
nd Thomas Bayes’ redefinition of “absolute” and “moral” certaint
y through probability calculus - Dinh-Vinh Columban (Université Paris Nan
terre)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20231122T171500Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20231122T183000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/0d9528cd-df9f-4fda-bd10-4590cb0498b6/
DESCRIPTION:In the 17th century\, certainty was still largely organized ar
ound heterogeneous categories such as “absolute certainty” and “mora
l certainty”. “Absolute certainty” was the highest kind of certainty
rather than degree and it was limited to metaphysical and mathematical de
monstrations. On the other hand\, “moral certainty” was a high degree
of assent which\, even though it was subjective and always fallible\, was
regarded as sufficient for practical decisions based on empirical evidence
. Although this duality between “moral” and “absolute” certainty r
emained in use well into the 18th century\, its meaning shifted with the e
mergence of the calculus of probabilities. Probability calculus provided t
ools for attempts to mathematise “moral certainty” which would have be
en a contradiction in terms in their classical 17th-century sense.\n\nJaco
b Bernoulli's Ars Conjectandi (1713) followed by Thomas Bayes and Richard
Price's An Essay towards solving a Problem in the Doctrine of Chances (17
63) reshuffled what was before mutually exclusive characteristics of those
categories of certainty. Moral certainty became mathematizable and measur
able\, while absolute certainty would sit in continuity in degree with mor
al certainty rather than be different in kind. The concept of certainty as
a whole is thus redefined as a quantitative continuum.\n\nThis transforma
tion lays the conceptual foundations for a new approach to knowledge. Know
ledge and even scientific knowledge are no longer defined by a binary mode
l of an absolute exclusion of uncertainty\, but rather by the accuracy of
measurement of the irreducible uncertainty in all empirical-based knowledg
e. Such measurement becomes possible thanks to the new tools provided by t
he emergence of probability calculus.\nSpeakers:\nDinh-Vinh Columban (Univ
ersité Paris Nanterre)
LOCATION:The Queen's College (Magrath Room)\, High Street OX1 4AW
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/0d9528cd-df9f-4fda-bd10-4590cb0498b6/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:Mathematising certainty in the 18th century. Jacob Bernou
lli’s and Thomas Bayes’ redefinition of “absolute” and “moral”
certainty through probability calculus - Dinh-Vinh Columban (Université
Paris Nanterre)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:On Green’s theorem: a visual history through textbooks and other
printed matter - Rogério Monteiro de Siqueira (Universidade de São Paol
o)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20230215T170000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20230215T183000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/2d9125de-3007-4001-b65a-449cdfb5f65d/
DESCRIPTION:Although Green's theorem\, currently considered one of the cor
nerstones of multivariate calculus\, was published in 1828\, its widesprea
d introduction into calculus textbooks can be traced back to the first dec
ades of the twentieth century\, when vector calculus emerged as a slightly
autonomous discipline. In addition\, its contemporary version (and its de
monstration)\, currently found in several calculus textbooks\, is the resu
lt of some adaptations during its almost 200 years of life. Comparing some
books and articles from this long period\, I would like to discuss in thi
s lecture the didactic adaptations\, the editorial strategies and visual r
epresentations that shaped the theorem in its current form.\nSpeakers:\nRo
gério Monteiro de Siqueira (Universidade de São Paolo)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (Lecture room L4)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/2d9125de-3007-4001-b65a-449cdfb5f65d/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:On Green’s theorem: a visual history through textbooks
and other printed matter - Rogério Monteiro de Siqueira (Universidade de
São Paolo)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:Mathematics and its history\, through literature - Sarah Hart (Bir
kbeck\, University of London)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20230531T160000
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20230531T170000
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/96160965-0447-4acd-9c64-5be62479900a/
DESCRIPTION:Mathematics has always been part of the fabric of culture. Ref
erences to mathematics in literature go back at least as far as Aristophan
es\, and encompass everyone from Dostoevsky to Oscar Wilde. In this talk I
’ll explore some of the ways that literature has engaged with mathematic
al ideas\, from the 17th and 18th century obsession with the cycloid (the
“Helen of Geometry”) to the 19th century love of the fourth dimension.
\nSpeakers:\nSarah Hart (Birkbeck\, University of London)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (Lecture room L4)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/96160965-0447-4acd-9c64-5be62479900a/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:Mathematics and its history\, through literature - Sarah
Hart (Birkbeck\, University of London)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:Going All Round the Houses: Mathematics\, Horoscopes and History b
efore 1600 - Stephen Johnston (History of Science Museum)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20221024T140000
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20221024T153000
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/5e195dc9-4822-422d-bec0-9056d8f5b73f/
DESCRIPTION:To be a mathematicus in 15th- and 16th-century Europe often me
ant practising as an astrologer. Far from being an unwelcome obligation\,
or simply a means of paying the rent\, astrology frequently represented a
genuine form of mathematical engagement. This is most clearly seen by exam
ining changing definitions of one of the key elements of horoscope constru
ction: the astrological houses. These twelve houses are divisions of the z
odiac circle and their character fundamentally affects the significance of
the planets which occupy them at any particular moment in time. While the
re were a number of competing systems for defining the houses\, one system
was standard throughout medieval Europe. However\, the 16th-century witne
ssed what John North referred to as a “minor revolution”\, as a differ
ent technique first developed in the Islamic world but adopted and promote
d by Johannes Regiomontanus became increasingly prevalent. My paper review
s this shift in astrological practice and investigates the mathematical va
lues it represents – from aesthetics and geometrical representation to e
fficiency and computational convenience.\nSpeakers:\nStephen Johnston (His
tory of Science Museum)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (L3)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/5e195dc9-4822-422d-bec0-9056d8f5b73f/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:Going All Round the Houses: Mathematics\, Horoscopes and
History before 1600 - Stephen Johnston (History of Science Museum)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:Questions of collaboration and credit in D’Arcy Thompson’s 'On
Growth and Form' - Deborah Kent (University of St Andrews)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20220511T143000
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20220511T160000
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/1c581bba-898f-48a4-a8b2-ef7edb8d5aff/
DESCRIPTION:The first edition of Thompson’s famous book 'On Growth and F
orm' appeared in 1917. It has subsequently been regarded as a foundational
work in mathematical biology and a revolutionary contribution to the fiel
d of morphology. Most existing literature credits Thompson as a lone geniu
s who produced the 793 pages of the 1917 edition and 1116 pages of the 194
2 edition. Thompson’s correspondence presents a very different picture o
f this tome as one arising from extensive and ongoing – perhaps sometime
s unwitting? – collaboration.\nSpeakers:\nDeborah Kent (University of St
Andrews)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (Lecture room L4)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/1c581bba-898f-48a4-a8b2-ef7edb8d5aff/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:Questions of collaboration and credit in D’Arcy Thompso
n’s 'On Growth and Form' - Deborah Kent (University of St Andrews)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:'My avid fellow feeling' and 'Fleas': Playing with words on the co
mputer - Troy Astarte (Swansea University)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20220531T160000
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20220531T180000
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/a3dab810-a47f-4307-ae8b-02ba151a41e5/
DESCRIPTION:Computers have been used to process natural language for many
years. This talk considers two historical examples of computers used rathe
r to play with human language\, one well-known and the other a new archiva
l discovery: Strachey’s 1952 love letters program\, and a poetry program
ming competition held at Newcastle University in 1968. Strachey’s progra
m used random number generation to pick words to fit into a template\, res
ulting in letters of varying quality\, and apparently much amusement for S
trachey. The poetry competition required the entrants\, mostly PhD student
s\, to write programs whose output or source code was in some way poetic:
the entries displayed remarkable ingenuity. Various analyses of Strachey
’s work depict it as a parody of attitudes to love\, an artistic endeavo
ur\, or as a technical exploration. In this talk I will consider how these
apply to the Newcastle competition and add my own interpretations.\nSpeak
ers:\nTroy Astarte (Swansea University)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (Lecture room L5)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/a3dab810-a47f-4307-ae8b-02ba151a41e5/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:'My avid fellow feeling' and 'Fleas': Playing with words
on the computer - Troy Astarte (Swansea University)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:“So Fair a Subterraneous City”: Mining\, Maps\, and the Politi
cs of Geometry in the Seventeenth Century - Thomas Morel (Bergische Univer
sität Wuppertal)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20220609T160000
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20220609T180000
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/a1f8298b-1237-40e8-9518-2ec8817114c9/
DESCRIPTION:In the aftermath of the Thirty Years War (1618–1648)\, the m
ining regions of Central Europe underwent numerous technical and political
evolutions. In this context\, the role of underground geometry expanded c
onsiderably: drawing mining maps and working on them became widespread in
the second half of the seventeenth century. The new mathematics of subterr
anean surveyors finally realized the old dream of “seeing through stones
\,” gradually replacing alternative tools such as written reports of vis
itations\, wood models\, or commented sketches.\n\nI argue that the develo
pment of new cartographic tools to visualize the underground was deeply li
nked to broad changes in the political structure of mining regions. In Sax
ony\, arguably the leading mining region\, captain-general Abraham von Sch
önberg (1640–1711) put his weight and reputation behind the new geometr
ical technology\, hoping that its acceptance would in turn help him advanc
e his reform agenda. At-scale representations were instrumental in justify
ing new investments\, while offering technical road maps to implement them
.\nSpeakers:\nThomas Morel (Bergische Universität Wuppertal)
LOCATION:Shulman Auditorium\, The Queen's College
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/a1f8298b-1237-40e8-9518-2ec8817114c9/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:“So Fair a Subterraneous City”: Mining\, Maps\, and t
he Politics of Geometry in the Seventeenth Century - Thomas Morel (Bergisc
he Universität Wuppertal)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:‘The puzzle of Brahmagupta’s quadrilaterals: Hankel’s readin
g of Colebrooke’ - Ivahn Smadja (University of Nantes)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20200310T170000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20200310T183000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/69601c04-1cbc-4ead-98a2-9dc7b3349918/
DESCRIPTION:\nSpeakers:\nIvahn Smadja (University of Nantes)
LOCATION:All Souls College (Hovenden Room)\, High Street OX1 4AL
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/69601c04-1cbc-4ead-98a2-9dc7b3349918/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:‘The puzzle of Brahmagupta’s quadrilaterals: Hankel
’s reading of Colebrooke’ - Ivahn Smadja (University of Nantes)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:‘The “Galilean Sect”: Talented mathematicians\, devoted disc
iples’ - Lucia Bucciarelli (University of Oxford)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20200303T170000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20200303T183000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/bc819c01-a4b2-4175-8025-b0d650855613/
DESCRIPTION:\nSpeakers:\nLucia Bucciarelli (University of Oxford)
LOCATION:All Souls College (Hovenden Room)\, High Street OX1 4AL
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/bc819c01-a4b2-4175-8025-b0d650855613/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:‘The “Galilean Sect”: Talented mathematicians\, dev
oted disciples’ - Lucia Bucciarelli (University of Oxford)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:‘How general relativity resonated with differential geometers’
- Tilman Sauer (Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20200225T170000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20200225T183000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/1e9420a9-d419-42af-9ef2-87e0af37fb80/
DESCRIPTION:\nSpeakers:\nTilman Sauer (Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz
)
LOCATION:All Souls College (Hovenden Room)\, High Street OX1 4AL
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/1e9420a9-d419-42af-9ef2-87e0af37fb80/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:‘How general relativity resonated with differential geo
meters’ - Tilman Sauer (Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:‘Mastering the Mint: Isaac Newton’s economic and numismatic wo
rk’ - Alice Marples (University of Oxford)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20200218T170000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20200218T183000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/82d21ea0-d23f-447e-8d4a-43df8777b318/
DESCRIPTION:\nSpeakers:\nAlice Marples (University of Oxford)
LOCATION:All Souls College (Hovenden Room)\, High Street OX1 4AL
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/82d21ea0-d23f-447e-8d4a-43df8777b318/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:‘Mastering the Mint: Isaac Newton’s economic and numi
smatic work’ - Alice Marples (University of Oxford)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:‘Proposals to move the Royal Observatory\, Greenwich\, 1836–19
45’ - Lee Macdonald (History of Science Museum\, Oxford)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20200211T170000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20200211T183000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/055e5908-fbc9-43fd-a6ce-0203a30f13ae/
DESCRIPTION:\nSpeakers:\nLee Macdonald (History of Science Museum\, Oxford
)
LOCATION:All Souls College (Hovenden Room)\, High Street OX1 4AL
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/055e5908-fbc9-43fd-a6ce-0203a30f13ae/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:‘Proposals to move the Royal Observatory\, Greenwich\,
1836–1945’ - Lee Macdonald (History of Science Museum\, Oxford)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:‘To G or not to G: J H Poynting and the gravitational constant i
n the nineteenth century’ - Isobel Falconer (University of St Andrews)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20200204T170000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20200204T183000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/544d7ee8-4dec-47d7-b25e-859eef43d4d7/
DESCRIPTION:\nSpeakers:\nIsobel Falconer (University of St Andrews)
LOCATION:All Souls College (Hovenden Room)\, High Street OX1 4AL
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/544d7ee8-4dec-47d7-b25e-859eef43d4d7/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:‘To G or not to G: J H Poynting and the gravitational c
onstant in the nineteenth century’ - Isobel Falconer (University of St A
ndrews)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:‘Unity and diversity of practical geometry in sixteenth-century
France’ - Angela Axworthy (MPIWG Berlin)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20200128T170000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20200128T183000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/3a848703-88d9-411b-8cd7-526fa5d312e9/
DESCRIPTION:\nSpeakers:\nAngela Axworthy (MPIWG Berlin)
LOCATION:All Souls College (Hovenden Room)\, High Street OX1 4AL
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/3a848703-88d9-411b-8cd7-526fa5d312e9/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:‘Unity and diversity of practical geometry in sixteenth
-century France’ - Angela Axworthy (MPIWG Berlin)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:‘When was cosmology? The curious history of a disciplinary categ
ory\, c.1600–c.1730’ - Adam Mosley (Swansea University)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20200121T170000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20200121T183000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/4c4804a8-bea8-4e7a-8c80-5c69c04d765e/
DESCRIPTION:\nSpeakers:\nAdam Mosley (Swansea University)
LOCATION:All Souls College (Hovenden Room)\, High Street OX1 4AL
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/4c4804a8-bea8-4e7a-8c80-5c69c04d765e/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:‘When was cosmology? The curious history of a disciplin
ary category\, c.1600–c.1730’ - Adam Mosley (Swansea University)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:Babbage's mechanical notation - Adrian Johnstone (Royal Holloway\,
University of London)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20191203T110000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20191203T120000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/ab8e66e9-23be-4fbd-ba18-83a9a882042e/
DESCRIPTION:Charles Babbage (1791–1871) was Lucasian Professor of mathem
atics in Cambridge from 1828–1839. He displayed a fertile curiosity that
led him to study many contemporary processes and problems in a way which
emphasised an analytic\, data driven view of life.\n\nIn popular culture B
abbage has been celebrated as an anachronistic Victorian engineer. In real
ity\, Babbage is best understood as a figure rooted in the enlightenment\,
who had substantially completed his core investigations into 'mechanisati
on of thought' by the mid 1830s: he is thus an anachronistic Georgian: the
construction of his first difference engine design is contemporary with t
he earliest public railways in Britain.\n\nA fundamental question that mus
t strike anybody who examines Babbage's precocious designs is: how could o
ne individual working alone have synthesised a workable computer design\,
designing an object whose complexity of behaviour so far exceeded that of
contemporary machines that it would not be matched for over a hundred year
s?\n\nWe shall explore the extent to which the answer lies in the techniqu
es Babbage developed to reason about complex systems. His Notation which s
hows the geometry\, timing\, causal chains and the abstract components of
his machines\, has a direct parallel in the Hardware Description Languages
developed since 1975 to aid the design of large scale electronics. In thi
s presentation\, we shall provide a basic tutorial on Babbage's notation s
howing how his concepts of 'pieces' and 'working points' effectively build
a graph in which both parts and their interactions are represented by nod
es\, with edges between part-nodes and interaction-nodes denoting ownershi
p\, and edges between interaction-nodes denoting the transmission of force
s between individual assemblies within a machine. We shall give examples f
rom Babbage's Difference Engine 2 for which a complete set of notations wa
s drawn in 1849\, and compare them to a design of similar complexity speci
fied in 1987 using the Inmos HDL.\nSpeakers:\nAdrian Johnstone (Royal Holl
oway\, University of London)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (Lecture Room L6)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/ab8e66e9-23be-4fbd-ba18-83a9a882042e/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:Babbage's mechanical notation - Adrian Johnstone (Royal H
olloway\, University of London)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:Babbage's mechanical notation - Adrian Johnstone (Royal Holloway\,
University of London)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20191203T110000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20191203T120000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/ab8e66e9-23be-4fbd-ba18-83a9a882042e/
DESCRIPTION:Charles Babbage (1791–1871) was Lucasian Professor of mathem
atics in Cambridge from 1828–1839. He displayed a fertile curiosity that
led him to study many contemporary processes and problems in a way which
emphasised an analytic\, data driven view of life.\n\nIn popular culture B
abbage has been celebrated as an anachronistic Victorian engineer. In real
ity\, Babbage is best understood as a figure rooted in the enlightenment\,
who had substantially completed his core investigations into 'mechanisati
on of thought' by the mid 1830s: he is thus an anachronistic Georgian: the
construction of his first difference engine design is contemporary with t
he earliest public railways in Britain.\n\nA fundamental question that mus
t strike anybody who examines Babbage's precocious designs is: how could o
ne individual working alone have synthesised a workable computer design\,
designing an object whose complexity of behaviour so far exceeded that of
contemporary machines that it would not be matched for over a hundred year
s?\n\nWe shall explore the extent to which the answer lies in the techniqu
es Babbage developed to reason about complex systems. His Notation which s
hows the geometry\, timing\, causal chains and the abstract components of
his machines\, has a direct parallel in the Hardware Description Languages
developed since 1975 to aid the design of large scale electronics. In thi
s presentation\, we shall provide a basic tutorial on Babbage's notation s
howing how his concepts of 'pieces' and 'working points' effectively build
a graph in which both parts and their interactions are represented by nod
es\, with edges between part-nodes and interaction-nodes denoting ownershi
p\, and edges between interaction-nodes denoting the transmission of force
s between individual assemblies within a machine. We shall give examples f
rom Babbage's Difference Engine 2 for which a complete set of notations wa
s drawn in 1849\, and compare them to a design of similar complexity speci
fied in 1987 using the Inmos HDL.\nSpeakers:\nAdrian Johnstone (Royal Holl
oway\, University of London)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (Lecture Room L6)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/ab8e66e9-23be-4fbd-ba18-83a9a882042e/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:Babbage's mechanical notation - Adrian Johnstone (Royal H
olloway\, University of London)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:Re-Engineering History: A Playful Demonstration - Tom Ritchie (Uni
versity of Kent)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20191112T153000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20191112T163000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/7e5fa0bc-2571-4bce-9fc9-c54f1da79e3f/
DESCRIPTION:This session will discuss how Douglas Hartree and Arthur Porte
r used Meccano — a child’s toy and an engineer’s tool — to build a
n analogue computer\, the Hartree Differential Analyser in 1934. It will e
xplore the wider historical and social context in which this model compute
r was rooted\, before providing an opportunity to engage with the experien
tial aspects of the 'Kent Machine\,' a historically reproduced version of
Hartree and Porter's original model\, which is also made from Meccano.\n\n
The 'Kent Machine' sits at a unique intersection of historical research an
d educational engagement\, providing an alternative way of teaching STEM s
ubjects\, via a historic hands-on method. The session builds on the work a
nd ideas expressed in Otto Sibum's reconstruction of James Joule's 'Paddle
Wheel' apparatus\, inviting attendees to physically re-enact the mathemat
ical processes of mechanical integration to see how this type of analogue
computer functioned in reality. The session will provide an alternative co
ntext of the history of computing by exploring the tacit knowledge that is
required to reproduce and demonstrate the machine\, and how it sits at th
e intersection between amateur and professional science.\nSpeakers:\nTom R
itchie (University of Kent)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (Lecture Room L5)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/7e5fa0bc-2571-4bce-9fc9-c54f1da79e3f/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:Re-Engineering History: A Playful Demonstration - Tom Rit
chie (University of Kent)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:Re-Engineering History: A Playful Demonstration - Tom Ritchie (Uni
versity of Kent)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20191112T153000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20191112T163000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/7e5fa0bc-2571-4bce-9fc9-c54f1da79e3f/
DESCRIPTION:This session will discuss how Douglas Hartree and Arthur Porte
r used Meccano — a child’s toy and an engineer’s tool — to build a
n analogue computer\, the Hartree Differential Analyser in 1934. It will e
xplore the wider historical and social context in which this model compute
r was rooted\, before providing an opportunity to engage with the experien
tial aspects of the 'Kent Machine\,' a historically reproduced version of
Hartree and Porter's original model\, which is also made from Meccano.\n\n
The 'Kent Machine' sits at a unique intersection of historical research an
d educational engagement\, providing an alternative way of teaching STEM s
ubjects\, via a historic hands-on method. The session builds on the work a
nd ideas expressed in Otto Sibum's reconstruction of James Joule's 'Paddle
Wheel' apparatus\, inviting attendees to physically re-enact the mathemat
ical processes of mechanical integration to see how this type of analogue
computer functioned in reality. The session will provide an alternative co
ntext of the history of computing by exploring the tacit knowledge that is
required to reproduce and demonstrate the machine\, and how it sits at th
e intersection between amateur and professional science.\nSpeakers:\nTom R
itchie (University of Kent)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (Lecture Room L5)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/7e5fa0bc-2571-4bce-9fc9-c54f1da79e3f/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:Re-Engineering History: A Playful Demonstration - Tom Rit
chie (University of Kent)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:Crossing the Pond: European Mathematicians in 1920s America - Kare
n Hunger Parshall (University of Virginia)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20191125T170000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20191125T180000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/f2070fe1-adf6-45ea-98b9-f935c2448d95/
DESCRIPTION:American mathematics was experiencing growing pains in the 192
0s. It had looked to Europe at least since the 1890s when many Americans h
ad gone abroad to pursue their advanced mathematical studies. It was anxi
ous to assert itself on the international—that is\, at least at this mom
ent in time\, European—mathematical scene. How\, though\, could the Amer
icans change the European perception from one of apprentice/master to one
of mathematical equals? How could Europe\, especially Germany but to a les
ser extent France\, Italy\, England\, and elsewhere\, come fully to sense
the development of the mathematical United States? If such changes could
be effected at all\, they would likely involve American and European mathe
maticians in active dialogue\, working shoulder to shoulder in Europe and
in the United States\, and publishing side by side in journals on both sid
es of the Atlantic. This talk will explore one side of this “equation”
: European mathematicians and their experiences in the United States in th
e 1920s.\nSpeakers:\nKaren Hunger Parshall (University of Virginia)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (Lecture room L4)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/f2070fe1-adf6-45ea-98b9-f935c2448d95/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:Crossing the Pond: European Mathematicians in 1920s Ameri
ca - Karen Hunger Parshall (University of Virginia)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:Crossing the Pond: European Mathematicians in 1920s America - Kare
n Hunger Parshall (University of Virginia)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20191125T170000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20191125T180000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/f2070fe1-adf6-45ea-98b9-f935c2448d95/
DESCRIPTION:American mathematics was experiencing growing pains in the 192
0s. It had looked to Europe at least since the 1890s when many Americans h
ad gone abroad to pursue their advanced mathematical studies. It was anxi
ous to assert itself on the international—that is\, at least at this mom
ent in time\, European—mathematical scene. How\, though\, could the Amer
icans change the European perception from one of apprentice/master to one
of mathematical equals? How could Europe\, especially Germany but to a les
ser extent France\, Italy\, England\, and elsewhere\, come fully to sense
the development of the mathematical United States? If such changes could
be effected at all\, they would likely involve American and European mathe
maticians in active dialogue\, working shoulder to shoulder in Europe and
in the United States\, and publishing side by side in journals on both sid
es of the Atlantic. This talk will explore one side of this “equation”
: European mathematicians and their experiences in the United States in th
e 1920s.\nSpeakers:\nKaren Hunger Parshall (University of Virginia)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (Lecture room L4)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/f2070fe1-adf6-45ea-98b9-f935c2448d95/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:Crossing the Pond: European Mathematicians in 1920s Ameri
ca - Karen Hunger Parshall (University of Virginia)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:On the circulation structures in traditional Chinese algorithms -
GUO Shirong (Institute for the History of Science and Technology，Inner M
ongolia Normal University)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20190625T170000
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20190625T180000
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/3aad851f-ae3d-42d1-b3af-cf5bfd7ca4e3/
DESCRIPTION:It is unnecessary to emphasize important place of algorithms i
n computer science. Many efficient and convenient algorithms are designed
by borrowing or revising ancient mathematical algorithms and methods. For
example\, recursive method\, exhaustive search method\, greedy method\,
“divide and conquer” method\, dynamic programming method\, reiteration
algorithm\, circulation algorithm\, among others. \n\nFrom the perspecti
ve of the history of computer science\, it is necessary to study the histo
ry of algorithms used in the computer computations. The history of algorit
hms for computer science is naturally regarded as a sub-object of history
of mathematics. But historians of mathematics\, at least those who study h
istory of mathematics in China\, have not realized it is important in the
history of mathematics. Historians of Chinese mathematics paid little atte
ntion to these studies\, mainly having not considered from this research a
ngle. Relevant research is therefore insufficient in the field of history
of mathematics. \n\nThe mechanization thought and algorithmization charact
eristic of Chinese traditional (and therefore\, East Asian) mathematics\,
however\, are coincident with that of computer science. Traditional Chines
e algorithms\, therefore\, show their importance historical significance i
n computer science. It is necessary and important to survey traditional al
gorithms again from the point of views of computer science. It is also ano
ther angle for understanding traditional Chinese mathematics. \n\nThere ar
e many things in the field that need to be researched. For example\, when
and how were these algorithms designed? What was their mathematical backgr
ound? How were they applied in ancient mathematical context? How are their
complexity and efficiency of ancient algorithms? \n\nIn the present paper
\, we will study the circulation structure in traditional Chinese mathemat
ical algorithms. Circulation structures have great importance in the compu
ter science. Most algorithms are designed by means of one or more circulat
ion structures. Ancient Chinese mathematicians were familiar them with the
circulation structures and good at their applications. They designed a lo
t of circulation structures to obtain their desirable results in mathemati
cal computations. Their circulation structures of dozen ancient algorithms
will be analyzed. They are selected from mathematical and astronomical tr
eatises\, and also one from the Yijing (Book of Changes)\, the oldest of t
he Chinese classics. \nSpeakers:\nGUO Shirong (Institute for the History o
f Science and Technology，Inner Mongolia Normal University)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (Room L4)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/3aad851f-ae3d-42d1-b3af-cf5bfd7ca4e3/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:On the circulation structures in traditional Chinese algo
rithms - GUO Shirong (Institute for the History of Science and Technology
，Inner Mongolia Normal University)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:On the circulation structures in traditional Chinese algorithms -
GUO Shirong (Institute for the History of Science and Technology，Inner M
ongolia Normal University)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20190625T170000
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20190625T180000
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/3aad851f-ae3d-42d1-b3af-cf5bfd7ca4e3/
DESCRIPTION:It is unnecessary to emphasize important place of algorithms i
n computer science. Many efficient and convenient algorithms are designed
by borrowing or revising ancient mathematical algorithms and methods. For
example\, recursive method\, exhaustive search method\, greedy method\,
“divide and conquer” method\, dynamic programming method\, reiteration
algorithm\, circulation algorithm\, among others. \n\nFrom the perspecti
ve of the history of computer science\, it is necessary to study the histo
ry of algorithms used in the computer computations. The history of algorit
hms for computer science is naturally regarded as a sub-object of history
of mathematics. But historians of mathematics\, at least those who study h
istory of mathematics in China\, have not realized it is important in the
history of mathematics. Historians of Chinese mathematics paid little atte
ntion to these studies\, mainly having not considered from this research a
ngle. Relevant research is therefore insufficient in the field of history
of mathematics. \n\nThe mechanization thought and algorithmization charact
eristic of Chinese traditional (and therefore\, East Asian) mathematics\,
however\, are coincident with that of computer science. Traditional Chines
e algorithms\, therefore\, show their importance historical significance i
n computer science. It is necessary and important to survey traditional al
gorithms again from the point of views of computer science. It is also ano
ther angle for understanding traditional Chinese mathematics. \n\nThere ar
e many things in the field that need to be researched. For example\, when
and how were these algorithms designed? What was their mathematical backgr
ound? How were they applied in ancient mathematical context? How are their
complexity and efficiency of ancient algorithms? \n\nIn the present paper
\, we will study the circulation structure in traditional Chinese mathemat
ical algorithms. Circulation structures have great importance in the compu
ter science. Most algorithms are designed by means of one or more circulat
ion structures. Ancient Chinese mathematicians were familiar them with the
circulation structures and good at their applications. They designed a lo
t of circulation structures to obtain their desirable results in mathemati
cal computations. Their circulation structures of dozen ancient algorithms
will be analyzed. They are selected from mathematical and astronomical tr
eatises\, and also one from the Yijing (Book of Changes)\, the oldest of t
he Chinese classics. \nSpeakers:\nGUO Shirong (Institute for the History o
f Science and Technology，Inner Mongolia Normal University)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (Room L4)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/3aad851f-ae3d-42d1-b3af-cf5bfd7ca4e3/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:On the circulation structures in traditional Chinese algo
rithms - GUO Shirong (Institute for the History of Science and Technology
，Inner Mongolia Normal University)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:Mathematics and Justice in ancient Egypt - Annette Imhausen (Goeth
e-Universität Frankfurt)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20200428T143000
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20200428T153000
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/2379604f-a5be-4115-a591-3591b7c54b5b/
DESCRIPTION:\nStatus: This talk has been cancelled\nIn the hieratic Egypti
an mathematical texts\, which are extant from the periods of the Middle Ki
ngdom and the Second Intermediate Period\, the verb form sDm.xr.f has its
most numerous attestations. This verb form has been recognized to express
a necessary consequence from a previously stated situation\, e.g. in indic
ating the result of a previously stated arithmetic operation. Therefore on
e might expect this form to be similarly (frequently) used in Egyptian law
s to express the consequences of wrongdoing. Only few collections of laws
from pharaonic times are extant\, of which the earliest are the Great Edic
t of Haremhab and the Nauri Decree of Sethos I. both from the beginning of
the Ramesside Period. These sources\, however\, show no use of this form.
In this respect then\, the Egyptian concept of rational practice is diffe
rent from its Mesopotamian neighbour\, where a connection between mathemat
ical and legal procedure texts has been shown by Jim Ritter based on their
verbal structure. Using examples from several Egyptian genres of texts\,
I would like to document that in ancient Egypt\, too\, this relation exist
ed\, and explore how it was expressed.\nSpeakers:\nAnnette Imhausen (Goeth
e-Universität Frankfurt)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (C1)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/2379604f-a5be-4115-a591-3591b7c54b5b/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:Mathematics and Justice in ancient Egypt - Annette Imhaus
en (Goethe-Universität Frankfurt)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:Mathematics and Justice in ancient Egypt - Annette Imhausen (Goeth
e-Universität Frankfurt)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20200428T143000
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20200428T153000
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/2379604f-a5be-4115-a591-3591b7c54b5b/
DESCRIPTION:\nStatus: This talk has been cancelled\nIn the hieratic Egypti
an mathematical texts\, which are extant from the periods of the Middle Ki
ngdom and the Second Intermediate Period\, the verb form sDm.xr.f has its
most numerous attestations. This verb form has been recognized to express
a necessary consequence from a previously stated situation\, e.g. in indic
ating the result of a previously stated arithmetic operation. Therefore on
e might expect this form to be similarly (frequently) used in Egyptian law
s to express the consequences of wrongdoing. Only few collections of laws
from pharaonic times are extant\, of which the earliest are the Great Edic
t of Haremhab and the Nauri Decree of Sethos I. both from the beginning of
the Ramesside Period. These sources\, however\, show no use of this form.
In this respect then\, the Egyptian concept of rational practice is diffe
rent from its Mesopotamian neighbour\, where a connection between mathemat
ical and legal procedure texts has been shown by Jim Ritter based on their
verbal structure. Using examples from several Egyptian genres of texts\,
I would like to document that in ancient Egypt\, too\, this relation exist
ed\, and explore how it was expressed.\nSpeakers:\nAnnette Imhausen (Goeth
e-Universität Frankfurt)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (C1)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/2379604f-a5be-4115-a591-3591b7c54b5b/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:Mathematics and Justice in ancient Egypt - Annette Imhaus
en (Goethe-Universität Frankfurt)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:Jacob Bernoulli’s role in the history of elasticity: From a disc
ussion with a craftsman to the discovery of the elasticity rules - Sepideh
Alassi (University of Basel)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20190312T140000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20190312T150000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/c9f024ad-6d75-4ebe-ab2a-7809a8b1eeef/
DESCRIPTION:Jacob Bernoulli is known for his studies of the curves\, infin
itesimal math- ematics and statistics. However\, before being a professor
in mathematics\, he taught experimental physics at the University of Basel
. This explains his high interest in solving physical problems with newly
developed Leibnizian calculus. In his scientific notebook\, Meditationes\,
there are more than thirty notes about various mechanical problems for so
lving of which Bernoulli has applied Leibnizian calculus and has advanced
this method along the way. A discussion with a craftsman brought Bernoulli
’s attention to the problem of the strength of a beam early in his caree
r and occupied his mind until his death. The craftsman’s narration based
on his experience highlighted the flaws in Galilean-Leibnizian theory of
the strength of a beam. This was the starting point of Bernoulli’s quest
to mathematically find the profile of a bent beam (the Elastica Problem)
and the physical laws governing it. He started a challenge to encourage ot
her mathematicians of the time to study the problem\, providing a hint hid
den in an anagram. Although he published his solution of the Elastica Prob
lem in 1694\, that was not the end of the quest for him. Studying his unpu
blished notes in Meditationes reveals that over the last decade of his lif
e\, Bernoulli has reconsidered the problem. In my project\, I demonstrate
that he has found remarkable concepts such as mean tensile stress\, and th
e notion of local stress-strain relation\, etc.\nSpeakers:\nSepideh Alassi
(University of Basel)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (Classroom C2)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/c9f024ad-6d75-4ebe-ab2a-7809a8b1eeef/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:Jacob Bernoulli’s role in the history of elasticity: Fr
om a discussion with a craftsman to the discovery of the elasticity rules
- Sepideh Alassi (University of Basel)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:Jacob Bernoulli’s role in the history of elasticity: From a disc
ussion with a craftsman to the discovery of the elasticity rules - Sepideh
Alassi (University of Basel)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20190312T140000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20190312T150000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/c9f024ad-6d75-4ebe-ab2a-7809a8b1eeef/
DESCRIPTION:Jacob Bernoulli is known for his studies of the curves\, infin
itesimal math- ematics and statistics. However\, before being a professor
in mathematics\, he taught experimental physics at the University of Basel
. This explains his high interest in solving physical problems with newly
developed Leibnizian calculus. In his scientific notebook\, Meditationes\,
there are more than thirty notes about various mechanical problems for so
lving of which Bernoulli has applied Leibnizian calculus and has advanced
this method along the way. A discussion with a craftsman brought Bernoulli
’s attention to the problem of the strength of a beam early in his caree
r and occupied his mind until his death. The craftsman’s narration based
on his experience highlighted the flaws in Galilean-Leibnizian theory of
the strength of a beam. This was the starting point of Bernoulli’s quest
to mathematically find the profile of a bent beam (the Elastica Problem)
and the physical laws governing it. He started a challenge to encourage ot
her mathematicians of the time to study the problem\, providing a hint hid
den in an anagram. Although he published his solution of the Elastica Prob
lem in 1694\, that was not the end of the quest for him. Studying his unpu
blished notes in Meditationes reveals that over the last decade of his lif
e\, Bernoulli has reconsidered the problem. In my project\, I demonstrate
that he has found remarkable concepts such as mean tensile stress\, and th
e notion of local stress-strain relation\, etc.\nSpeakers:\nSepideh Alassi
(University of Basel)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (Classroom C2)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/c9f024ad-6d75-4ebe-ab2a-7809a8b1eeef/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:Jacob Bernoulli’s role in the history of elasticity: Fr
om a discussion with a craftsman to the discovery of the elasticity rules
- Sepideh Alassi (University of Basel)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:A Beautiful Game from the War: Piet Hein\, John Nash\, Martin Gard
ner and Hex - Ryan Hayward (University of Alberta)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20190218T170000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20190218T180000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/7ca14ae6-b28d-4d35-b296-3a168136ed1f/
DESCRIPTION:Seeking income during World War II\, Piet Hein created the gam
e now called Hex\, marketing it through the Danish newspaper Politiken. T
he game was popular but disappeared in 1943 when Hein fled Denmark.\n\nThe
game re-appeared in 1948 when John Nash introduced it to Princeton's game
theory group\, and became popular again in 1957 after Martin Gardner's co
lumn --- "Concerning the game of Hex\, which may be played on the tiles of
the bathroom floor" --- appeared in Scientific American.\n\nI will survey
the early history of Hex\, highlighting the war's influence on Hein's des
ign and marketing\, Hein's mysterious puzzle-maker\, and Nash's fascinatio
n with Hex's theoretical properties.\nSpeakers:\nRyan Hayward (University
of Alberta)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (Lecture room L5)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/7ca14ae6-b28d-4d35-b296-3a168136ed1f/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:A Beautiful Game from the War: Piet Hein\, John Nash\, Ma
rtin Gardner and Hex - Ryan Hayward (University of Alberta)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:A Beautiful Game from the War: Piet Hein\, John Nash\, Martin Gard
ner and Hex - Ryan Hayward (University of Alberta)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20190218T170000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20190218T180000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/7ca14ae6-b28d-4d35-b296-3a168136ed1f/
DESCRIPTION:Seeking income during World War II\, Piet Hein created the gam
e now called Hex\, marketing it through the Danish newspaper Politiken. T
he game was popular but disappeared in 1943 when Hein fled Denmark.\n\nThe
game re-appeared in 1948 when John Nash introduced it to Princeton's game
theory group\, and became popular again in 1957 after Martin Gardner's co
lumn --- "Concerning the game of Hex\, which may be played on the tiles of
the bathroom floor" --- appeared in Scientific American.\n\nI will survey
the early history of Hex\, highlighting the war's influence on Hein's des
ign and marketing\, Hein's mysterious puzzle-maker\, and Nash's fascinatio
n with Hex's theoretical properties.\nSpeakers:\nRyan Hayward (University
of Alberta)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (Lecture room L5)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/7ca14ae6-b28d-4d35-b296-3a168136ed1f/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:A Beautiful Game from the War: Piet Hein\, John Nash\, Ma
rtin Gardner and Hex - Ryan Hayward (University of Alberta)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:The Second Quantification of Physics\, c. 1830–1900 - Daniel Mit
chell (RWTH Aachen University)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20190305T170000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20190305T183000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/23a15ca3-94c4-499e-8d02-262fddf70ef2/
DESCRIPTION:\nSpeakers:\nDaniel Mitchell (RWTH Aachen University)
LOCATION:All Souls College (Hovenden Room)\, High Street OX1 4AL
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/23a15ca3-94c4-499e-8d02-262fddf70ef2/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:The Second Quantification of Physics\, c. 1830–1900 - D
aniel Mitchell (RWTH Aachen University)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:Inventing accuracy in Giovanni Domenico Cassini’s Paris Observat
ory: an analysis of a sample of letters (1667–1712) - Dalia Deias (Centr
e Alexandre Koyré)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20190226T170000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20190226T183000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/5f7796ab-fe39-4c24-abe9-69cd4879b43c/
DESCRIPTION:\nSpeakers:\nDalia Deias (Centre Alexandre Koyré)
LOCATION:All Souls College (Hovenden Room)\, High Street OX1 4AL
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/5f7796ab-fe39-4c24-abe9-69cd4879b43c/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:Inventing accuracy in Giovanni Domenico Cassini’s Paris
Observatory: an analysis of a sample of letters (1667–1712) - Dalia Dei
as (Centre Alexandre Koyré)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:Bartel L. Van der Waerden: algebraic geometry\, physics\, statisti
cs\, and the ancient history of science - Norbert Schappacher (Université
de Strasbourg)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20190219T170000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20190219T183000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/50a05b66-d104-48c8-b301-f388990e816f/
DESCRIPTION:\nSpeakers:\nNorbert Schappacher (Université de Strasbourg)
LOCATION:All Souls College (Hovenden Room)\, High Street OX1 4AL
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/50a05b66-d104-48c8-b301-f388990e816f/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:Bartel L. Van der Waerden: algebraic geometry\, physics\,
statistics\, and the ancient history of science - Norbert Schappacher (Un
iversité de Strasbourg)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:On the history of linear algebra: the emergence of a global discip
line from local mathematical cultures - Frédéric Brechenmacher (École p
olytechnique)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20190212T170000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20190212T183000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/c35a47e0-ff05-4350-9773-e88231c24be0/
DESCRIPTION:\nSpeakers:\nFrédéric Brechenmacher (École polytechnique)
LOCATION:All Souls College (Hovenden Room)\, High Street OX1 4AL
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/c35a47e0-ff05-4350-9773-e88231c24be0/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:On the history of linear algebra: the emergence of a glob
al discipline from local mathematical cultures - Frédéric Brechenmacher
(École polytechnique)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:Understanding the differential in Mary Somerville’s Theory of Di
fferences - Brigitte Stenhouse (The Open University)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20190205T170000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20190205T183000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/81271389-fad2-41d9-a00a-97416166ceaa/
DESCRIPTION:\nSpeakers:\nBrigitte Stenhouse (The Open University)
LOCATION:All Souls College (Hovenden Room)\, High Street OX1 4AL
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/81271389-fad2-41d9-a00a-97416166ceaa/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:Understanding the differential in Mary Somerville’s The
ory of Differences - Brigitte Stenhouse (The Open University)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:“The instrument that excited the keenest interest”: Olaus Hen
rici’s harmonic analyser - June Barrow-Green (The Open University)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20190129T170000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20190129T183000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/774f961a-f815-4768-8a83-b3d8c0d80170/
DESCRIPTION:\nSpeakers:\nJune Barrow-Green (The Open University)
LOCATION:All Souls College (Hovenden Room)\, High Street OX1 4AL
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/774f961a-f815-4768-8a83-b3d8c0d80170/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:“The instrument that excited the keenest interest”:
Olaus Henrici’s harmonic analyser - June Barrow-Green (The Open Universi
ty)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:Vitruvius in seventeenth-century Oxford: notes on the manuscript o
f the first English translation of the De architectura by Christopher Wase
(1625–1690) - Yelda Nasifoglu (University of Oxford)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20190122T170000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20190122T183000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/af70eeb7-bfe4-48e2-91b6-e45c38976db8/
DESCRIPTION:\nSpeakers:\nYelda Nasifoglu (University of Oxford)
LOCATION:All Souls College (Hovenden Room)\, High Street OX1 4AL
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/af70eeb7-bfe4-48e2-91b6-e45c38976db8/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:Vitruvius in seventeenth-century Oxford: notes on the man
uscript of the first English translation of the De architectura by Christo
pher Wase (1625–1690) - Yelda Nasifoglu (University of Oxford)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:The Oberwolfach Research Institute for Mathematics\, 1944-1963 - V
olker Remmert (Bergische Universität Wuppertal)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20181204T140000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20181204T150000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/37c80825-470b-4424-84ad-a54735a215fd/
DESCRIPTION:The Oberwolfach Research Institute for Mathematics (Mathematis
ches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach/MFO) was founded in late 1944 by the F
reiburg mathematician Wilhelm Süss (1895-1958) as the „National Institu
te for Mathematics“. In the 1950s and 1960s the MFO developed into an in
creasingly international conference centre.\n\nThe aim of my project is to
analyse the history of the MFO as it institutionally changed from the Nat
ional Institute for Mathematics with a wide\, but standard range of respon
sibilities\, to an international social infrastructure for research comple
tely new in the framework of German academia. The project focusses on the
evolvement of the institutional identity of the MFO between 1944 and the e
arly 1960s\, namely the development and importance of the MFO’s scientif
ic programme (workshops\, team work\, Bourbaki) and the instruments of res
earch employed (library\, workshops) as well as the corresponding strategi
es to safeguard the MFO’s existence (for instance under the wings of the
Max-Planck-Society). In particular\, three aspects are key to the project
\, namely the analyses of the historical processes of (1) the development
and shaping of the MFO’s workshop activities\, (2) the (complex) institu
tional safeguarding of the MFO\, and (3) the role the MFO played for the r
e-internationalisation of mathematics in Germany. Thus the project opens a
window on topics of more general relevance in the history of science such
as the complexity of science funding and the re-internationalisation of t
he sciences in the early years of the Federal Republic of Germany.\nSpeake
rs:\nVolker Remmert (Bergische Universität Wuppertal)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (Lecture room L6)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/37c80825-470b-4424-84ad-a54735a215fd/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:The Oberwolfach Research Institute for Mathematics\, 1944
-1963 - Volker Remmert (Bergische Universität Wuppertal)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:The Oberwolfach Research Institute for Mathematics\, 1944-1963 - V
olker Remmert (Bergische Universität Wuppertal)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20181204T140000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20181204T150000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/37c80825-470b-4424-84ad-a54735a215fd/
DESCRIPTION:The Oberwolfach Research Institute for Mathematics (Mathematis
ches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach/MFO) was founded in late 1944 by the F
reiburg mathematician Wilhelm Süss (1895-1958) as the „National Institu
te for Mathematics“. In the 1950s and 1960s the MFO developed into an in
creasingly international conference centre.\n\nThe aim of my project is to
analyse the history of the MFO as it institutionally changed from the Nat
ional Institute for Mathematics with a wide\, but standard range of respon
sibilities\, to an international social infrastructure for research comple
tely new in the framework of German academia. The project focusses on the
evolvement of the institutional identity of the MFO between 1944 and the e
arly 1960s\, namely the development and importance of the MFO’s scientif
ic programme (workshops\, team work\, Bourbaki) and the instruments of res
earch employed (library\, workshops) as well as the corresponding strategi
es to safeguard the MFO’s existence (for instance under the wings of the
Max-Planck-Society). In particular\, three aspects are key to the project
\, namely the analyses of the historical processes of (1) the development
and shaping of the MFO’s workshop activities\, (2) the (complex) institu
tional safeguarding of the MFO\, and (3) the role the MFO played for the r
e-internationalisation of mathematics in Germany. Thus the project opens a
window on topics of more general relevance in the history of science such
as the complexity of science funding and the re-internationalisation of t
he sciences in the early years of the Federal Republic of Germany.\nSpeake
rs:\nVolker Remmert (Bergische Universität Wuppertal)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (Lecture room L6)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/37c80825-470b-4424-84ad-a54735a215fd/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:The Oberwolfach Research Institute for Mathematics\, 1944
-1963 - Volker Remmert (Bergische Universität Wuppertal)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:How did Chinese deal with a scientific problem: Building the solar
eclipse theory in ancient China (the 7th-10th century AD) - Anjing Qu (Xi
'an)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180727T163000
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180727T171500
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/62afb1a6-de16-4b14-9842-759ccf39b3dd/
DESCRIPTION:In the 6th century\, the phenomena of irregularity of the sola
r motion and parallax of the moon were found by Chinese astronomers. This
made the calculation of solar eclipse much more complex than before. The s
trategy that Chinese calendar-makers dealt with was different from the geo
metrical model system like Greek astronomers taken as. What Chinese astron
omers chose is a numerical algorithm system which was widely taken as a th
inking mode to construct the theory of mathematical astronomy in old China
. \nSpeakers:\nAnjing Qu (Xi'an)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (Lecture room L6)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/62afb1a6-de16-4b14-9842-759ccf39b3dd/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:How did Chinese deal with a scientific problem: Building
the solar eclipse theory in ancient China (the 7th-10th century AD) - Anji
ng Qu (Xi'an)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:How did Chinese deal with a scientific problem: Building the solar
eclipse theory in ancient China (the 7th-10th century AD) - Anjing Qu (Xi
'an)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180727T163000
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180727T171500
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/62afb1a6-de16-4b14-9842-759ccf39b3dd/
DESCRIPTION:In the 6th century\, the phenomena of irregularity of the sola
r motion and parallax of the moon were found by Chinese astronomers. This
made the calculation of solar eclipse much more complex than before. The s
trategy that Chinese calendar-makers dealt with was different from the geo
metrical model system like Greek astronomers taken as. What Chinese astron
omers chose is a numerical algorithm system which was widely taken as a th
inking mode to construct the theory of mathematical astronomy in old China
. \nSpeakers:\nAnjing Qu (Xi'an)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (Lecture room L6)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/62afb1a6-de16-4b14-9842-759ccf39b3dd/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:How did Chinese deal with a scientific problem: Building
the solar eclipse theory in ancient China (the 7th-10th century AD) - Anji
ng Qu (Xi'an)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:William Burnside and the Mystery Letter - Howard Emmens
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180727T160000
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180727T163000
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/e832cd71-06b5-4ce0-a9ca-e1b1f0f7a4fd/
DESCRIPTION:Relatively little is known about the correspondence of William
Burnside\, a pioneer of group theory in the UK. There are only a few doze
n extant letters from or to him\, though they are not without interest. Ho
wever\, one of the most noteworthy letters to or at least about him\, in t
hat it had a special mention in his obituary in the 'Proceedings of the Ro
yal Society'\, has not been positively identified. It's not clear who it w
as from or when it was sent. We'll look at some possibilities.\nSpeakers:\
nHoward Emmens
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (Lecture room L6)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/e832cd71-06b5-4ce0-a9ca-e1b1f0f7a4fd/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:William Burnside and the Mystery Letter - Howard Emmens
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:William Burnside and the Mystery Letter - Howard Emmens
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180727T160000
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180727T163000
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/e832cd71-06b5-4ce0-a9ca-e1b1f0f7a4fd/
DESCRIPTION:Relatively little is known about the correspondence of William
Burnside\, a pioneer of group theory in the UK. There are only a few doze
n extant letters from or to him\, though they are not without interest. Ho
wever\, one of the most noteworthy letters to or at least about him\, in t
hat it had a special mention in his obituary in the 'Proceedings of the Ro
yal Society'\, has not been positively identified. It's not clear who it w
as from or when it was sent. We'll look at some possibilities.\nSpeakers:\
nHoward Emmens
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (Lecture room L6)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/e832cd71-06b5-4ce0-a9ca-e1b1f0f7a4fd/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:William Burnside and the Mystery Letter - Howard Emmens
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:Meeting under the integral sign? The 1936 Oslo International Congr
ess of Mathematicians - Christopher Hollings (University of Oxford)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180727T150000
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180727T153000
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/c26bf04d-0d45-4aca-a843-41c4d189a428/
DESCRIPTION:The International Congresses of Mathematicians (ICMs) have tak
en place at (reasonably) regular intervals since 1897\, and although their
participants may have wanted to confine these events purely to mathematic
s\, they could not help but be affected by wider world events. This is pa
rticularly true of the 1936 ICM\, held in Oslo. In this talk\, I will giv
e a whistle-stop tour of the early ICMs\, before discussing the circumstan
ces of the Oslo meeting\, with a particular focus on the activities of the
Nazi-led German delegation.\nSpeakers:\nChristopher Hollings (University
of Oxford)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (Lecture room L6)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/c26bf04d-0d45-4aca-a843-41c4d189a428/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:Meeting under the integral sign? The 1936 Oslo Internatio
nal Congress of Mathematicians - Christopher Hollings (University of Oxfor
d)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:Meeting under the integral sign? The 1936 Oslo International Congr
ess of Mathematicians - Christopher Hollings (University of Oxford)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180727T150000
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180727T153000
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/c26bf04d-0d45-4aca-a843-41c4d189a428/
DESCRIPTION:The International Congresses of Mathematicians (ICMs) have tak
en place at (reasonably) regular intervals since 1897\, and although their
participants may have wanted to confine these events purely to mathematic
s\, they could not help but be affected by wider world events. This is pa
rticularly true of the 1936 ICM\, held in Oslo. In this talk\, I will giv
e a whistle-stop tour of the early ICMs\, before discussing the circumstan
ces of the Oslo meeting\, with a particular focus on the activities of the
Nazi-led German delegation.\nSpeakers:\nChristopher Hollings (University
of Oxford)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (Lecture room L6)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/c26bf04d-0d45-4aca-a843-41c4d189a428/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:Meeting under the integral sign? The 1936 Oslo Internatio
nal Congress of Mathematicians - Christopher Hollings (University of Oxfor
d)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:Meeting under the integral sign? The 1936 Oslo International Congr
ess of Mathematicians - Christopher Hollings (University of Oxford)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180727T150000
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180727T153000
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/c26bf04d-0d45-4aca-a843-41c4d189a428/
DESCRIPTION:The International Congresses of Mathematicians (ICMs) have tak
en place at (reasonably) regular intervals since 1897\, and although their
participants may have wanted to confine these events purely to mathematic
s\, they could not help but be affected by wider world events. This is pa
rticularly true of the 1936 ICM\, held in Oslo. In this talk\, I will giv
e a whistle-stop tour of the early ICMs\, before discussing the circumstan
ces of the Oslo meeting\, with a particular focus on the activities of the
Nazi-led German delegation.\nSpeakers:\nChristopher Hollings (University
of Oxford)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (Lecture room L6)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/c26bf04d-0d45-4aca-a843-41c4d189a428/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:Meeting under the integral sign? The 1936 Oslo Internatio
nal Congress of Mathematicians - Christopher Hollings (University of Oxfor
d)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:About the nature of π: Proofs and conjectures in Lambert's Mémoi
re (1768) - Eduardo Dorrego López (Seville)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180727T143000
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180727T150000
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/ac2ae359-0215-4b96-851e-a9ac1bb5196e/
DESCRIPTION:The emergence of analytic methods in the 17th century opened a
new way in order to tackle the elucidation of certain quantities. The str
ong presence of the circle-squaring problem\, focused mainly the attention
on π\, on which besides the serious doubts about its rationality\, it ar
ises an awareness---boosted by the new algebraic approach---of the difficu
lty of framing it inside algebraic boundaries. The term ``transcendence''
emerges in this context but with a very ambiguous meaning.\n\nThe first gr
eat step towards its comprehension\, took place in the 18th century and ca
me from Johann Heinrich Lambert's hand\, who using a new analytical machin
ery---continued fractions---gave the first proof of irrationality of π. T
he problem of keeping this number inside the algebraic limits\, also recei
ves an especial attention at the end of his 'Mémoires sur quelques propri
étés remarquables des quantités transcendantes\, circulaires et logarit
hmiques'\, published by the Berlin Academy of Science in 1768. In this wor
k\, Lambert after giving to the term ``transcendence'' its modern meaning\
, conjectures the transcendence of π and therefore the impossibility of s
quaring the circle.\nSpeakers:\nEduardo Dorrego López (Seville)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (Lecture room L6)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/ac2ae359-0215-4b96-851e-a9ac1bb5196e/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:About the nature of π: Proofs and conjectures in Lambert
's Mémoire (1768) - Eduardo Dorrego López (Seville)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:About the nature of π: Proofs and conjectures in Lambert's Mémoi
re (1768) - Eduardo Dorrego López (Seville)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180727T143000
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180727T150000
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/ac2ae359-0215-4b96-851e-a9ac1bb5196e/
DESCRIPTION:The emergence of analytic methods in the 17th century opened a
new way in order to tackle the elucidation of certain quantities. The str
ong presence of the circle-squaring problem\, focused mainly the attention
on π\, on which besides the serious doubts about its rationality\, it ar
ises an awareness---boosted by the new algebraic approach---of the difficu
lty of framing it inside algebraic boundaries. The term ``transcendence''
emerges in this context but with a very ambiguous meaning.\n\nThe first gr
eat step towards its comprehension\, took place in the 18th century and ca
me from Johann Heinrich Lambert's hand\, who using a new analytical machin
ery---continued fractions---gave the first proof of irrationality of π. T
he problem of keeping this number inside the algebraic limits\, also recei
ves an especial attention at the end of his 'Mémoires sur quelques propri
étés remarquables des quantités transcendantes\, circulaires et logarit
hmiques'\, published by the Berlin Academy of Science in 1768. In this wor
k\, Lambert after giving to the term ``transcendence'' its modern meaning\
, conjectures the transcendence of π and therefore the impossibility of s
quaring the circle.\nSpeakers:\nEduardo Dorrego López (Seville)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (Lecture room L6)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/ac2ae359-0215-4b96-851e-a9ac1bb5196e/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:About the nature of π: Proofs and conjectures in Lambert
's Mémoire (1768) - Eduardo Dorrego López (Seville)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:Euler's research on curvature of spatial curves - Xi Liu (Xi'an/Ox
ford)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180727T140000
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180727T143000
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/185620c6-61fa-4596-916e-69911fb656fa/
DESCRIPTION:TBC\nSpeakers:\nXi Liu (Xi'an/Oxford)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (Lecture room L6)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/185620c6-61fa-4596-916e-69911fb656fa/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:Euler's research on curvature of spatial curves - Xi Liu
(Xi'an/Oxford)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:Euler's research on curvature of spatial curves - Xi Liu (Xi'an/Ox
ford)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180727T140000
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180727T143000
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/185620c6-61fa-4596-916e-69911fb656fa/
DESCRIPTION:TBC\nSpeakers:\nXi Liu (Xi'an/Oxford)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (Lecture room L6)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/185620c6-61fa-4596-916e-69911fb656fa/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:Euler's research on curvature of spatial curves - Xi Liu
(Xi'an/Oxford)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:Euclid's Elements of Geometry in Early Modern Britain - Yelda Nasi
foglu (University of Oxford)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180515T160000
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180515T170000
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/c7cda833-6a3d-4915-a6d1-e1d18812b436/
DESCRIPTION:Both as a canonical mathematical text and as a representative
of ancient thought\, Euclid's Elements of Geometry has been a subject of s
tudy since its creation c. 300 BCE. It has been read as a practical and a
theoretical text\; it has been studied for its philosophical ramifications
and for its perceived potential to inculcate logical thought. For the his
torian\, it is where the history of mathematics meets the history of ideas
\; where the history of the book meets the history of practice. The study
of the Elements enjoyed a particular resurgence during the Early Modern pe
riod\, when around 200 editions of the text appeared between 1482 and 1700
. Depending on their theoretical and practical functions\, they ranged be
tween elaborate folios and pocket-size compendia\, and were widely studied
by scholars\, natural philosophers\, mathematical practitioners\, and sch
oolchildren alike.\n\nIn this talk\, I will present some of the preliminar
y results of the research we have been conducting for the AHRC-funded proj
ect based at the History Faculty 'Reading Euclid: Euclid's Elements of Geo
metry in Early Modern Britain'\, paying particular attention to how the bo
oks were printed\, collected\, and annotated. I will concentrate on our me
thodologies and introduce the database we have been building of all the ea
rly modern copies of the text in the British Isles\, as well as the 'catal
ogue of book catalogues'.\nSpeakers:\nYelda Nasifoglu (University of Oxfor
d)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (Lecture room L3)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/c7cda833-6a3d-4915-a6d1-e1d18812b436/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:Euclid's Elements of Geometry in Early Modern Britain - Y
elda Nasifoglu (University of Oxford)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:Euclid's Elements of Geometry in Early Modern Britain - Yelda Nasi
foglu (University of Oxford)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180515T160000
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180515T170000
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/c7cda833-6a3d-4915-a6d1-e1d18812b436/
DESCRIPTION:Both as a canonical mathematical text and as a representative
of ancient thought\, Euclid's Elements of Geometry has been a subject of s
tudy since its creation c. 300 BCE. It has been read as a practical and a
theoretical text\; it has been studied for its philosophical ramifications
and for its perceived potential to inculcate logical thought. For the his
torian\, it is where the history of mathematics meets the history of ideas
\; where the history of the book meets the history of practice. The study
of the Elements enjoyed a particular resurgence during the Early Modern pe
riod\, when around 200 editions of the text appeared between 1482 and 1700
. Depending on their theoretical and practical functions\, they ranged be
tween elaborate folios and pocket-size compendia\, and were widely studied
by scholars\, natural philosophers\, mathematical practitioners\, and sch
oolchildren alike.\n\nIn this talk\, I will present some of the preliminar
y results of the research we have been conducting for the AHRC-funded proj
ect based at the History Faculty 'Reading Euclid: Euclid's Elements of Geo
metry in Early Modern Britain'\, paying particular attention to how the bo
oks were printed\, collected\, and annotated. I will concentrate on our me
thodologies and introduce the database we have been building of all the ea
rly modern copies of the text in the British Isles\, as well as the 'catal
ogue of book catalogues'.\nSpeakers:\nYelda Nasifoglu (University of Oxfor
d)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (Lecture room L3)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/c7cda833-6a3d-4915-a6d1-e1d18812b436/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:Euclid's Elements of Geometry in Early Modern Britain - Y
elda Nasifoglu (University of Oxford)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:“Perseverance and intelligence\, but no genius”: Mary Somervil
le's theory of differences - Brigitte Stenhouse (The Open University)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180508T160000
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180508T170000
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/f747c8e4-1ec6-4413-8320-ce86c0f27f4d/
DESCRIPTION:In 1873 the Personal Recollections from Early Life to Old Age
of Mary Somerville were published\, containing detailed descriptions of he
r life as a 19th century philosopher\, mathematician and advocate of women
's rights. In an early draft of this work\, Somerville reiterated the wide
ly held view that a fundamental difference between men and women was the l
atter's lack of originality\, or 'genius'.\n\nIn my talk I will examine ho
w Somerville's view was influenced by the historic treatment of women\, bo
th within scientific research\, scientific institutions and wider society.
By building on my doctoral research I will also suggest an alternative vi
ewpoint in which her work in the differential calculus can be seen as orig
inal\, with a focus on her 1834 treatise On the Theory of Differences.\nSp
eakers:\nBrigitte Stenhouse (The Open University)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (Lecture room L3)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/f747c8e4-1ec6-4413-8320-ce86c0f27f4d/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:“Perseverance and intelligence\, but no genius”: Mary
Somerville's theory of differences - Brigitte Stenhouse (The Open Univers
ity)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:“Perseverance and intelligence\, but no genius”: Mary Somervil
le's theory of differences - Brigitte Stenhouse (The Open University)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180508T160000
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180508T170000
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/f747c8e4-1ec6-4413-8320-ce86c0f27f4d/
DESCRIPTION:In 1873 the Personal Recollections from Early Life to Old Age
of Mary Somerville were published\, containing detailed descriptions of he
r life as a 19th century philosopher\, mathematician and advocate of women
's rights. In an early draft of this work\, Somerville reiterated the wide
ly held view that a fundamental difference between men and women was the l
atter's lack of originality\, or 'genius'.\n\nIn my talk I will examine ho
w Somerville's view was influenced by the historic treatment of women\, bo
th within scientific research\, scientific institutions and wider society.
By building on my doctoral research I will also suggest an alternative vi
ewpoint in which her work in the differential calculus can be seen as orig
inal\, with a focus on her 1834 treatise On the Theory of Differences.\nSp
eakers:\nBrigitte Stenhouse (The Open University)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (Lecture room L3)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/f747c8e4-1ec6-4413-8320-ce86c0f27f4d/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:“Perseverance and intelligence\, but no genius”: Mary
Somerville's theory of differences - Brigitte Stenhouse (The Open Univers
ity)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:“The World Is Round. Or\, Is It\, Really?” A Global History o
f Mathematics in the 17th Century - Tomoko L. Kitagawa (UC Berkeley & Oxfo
rd Centre for Global History)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180501T160000
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180501T170000
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/46172c96-c0ce-4422-ac2c-6cf235767106/
DESCRIPTION:In this talk\, we will survey the movement of mathematical ide
as in the 17th century. We will explore\, in particular\, the mathematical
cultures of Paris\, Amsterdam\, Rome\, Cape Town\, Goa\, Kyoto\, Beijing\
, and London\, as well as the journey of mathematical knowledge on a globa
l scale. As it will be an ambitious task to complete a round-the-world his
tory tour in an hour\, the focus will be on East Asia. By employing the di
gital humanities technique\, this presentation will use digital media to e
ffectively show historical sources and help the audience imagine the world
as a “round” entity when we discuss a global history of mathematics.\
nSpeakers:\nTomoko L. Kitagawa (UC Berkeley & Oxford Centre for Global His
tory)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (Lecture room L3)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/46172c96-c0ce-4422-ac2c-6cf235767106/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:“The World Is Round. Or\, Is It\, Really?” A Global
History of Mathematics in the 17th Century - Tomoko L. Kitagawa (UC Berkel
ey & Oxford Centre for Global History)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:“The World Is Round. Or\, Is It\, Really?” A Global History o
f Mathematics in the 17th Century - Tomoko L. Kitagawa (UC Berkeley & Oxfo
rd Centre for Global History)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180501T160000
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180501T170000
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/46172c96-c0ce-4422-ac2c-6cf235767106/
DESCRIPTION:In this talk\, we will survey the movement of mathematical ide
as in the 17th century. We will explore\, in particular\, the mathematical
cultures of Paris\, Amsterdam\, Rome\, Cape Town\, Goa\, Kyoto\, Beijing\
, and London\, as well as the journey of mathematical knowledge on a globa
l scale. As it will be an ambitious task to complete a round-the-world his
tory tour in an hour\, the focus will be on East Asia. By employing the di
gital humanities technique\, this presentation will use digital media to e
ffectively show historical sources and help the audience imagine the world
as a “round” entity when we discuss a global history of mathematics.\
nSpeakers:\nTomoko L. Kitagawa (UC Berkeley & Oxford Centre for Global His
tory)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (Lecture room L3)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/46172c96-c0ce-4422-ac2c-6cf235767106/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:“The World Is Round. Or\, Is It\, Really?” A Global
History of Mathematics in the 17th Century - Tomoko L. Kitagawa (UC Berkel
ey & Oxford Centre for Global History)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:Applied mathematics in Czechoslovakia between the two world wars -
Jan Kotůlek (Technical University of Ostrava)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180613T160000
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180613T170000
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/75b5da9e-ec0a-4e44-abec-2879c53b1656/
DESCRIPTION:The Czech lands were the most industrial part of the Austrian-
Hungarian monarchy\, broken up at the end of the WW1. As such\, Czechoslov
akia inherited developed industry supported by developed system of tertiar
y education\, and Czech and German universities and technical universities
\, where the first chairs for applied mathematics were set up. The close c
ooperation with the Skoda company led to the establishment of joint resear
ch institutes in applied mathematics and spectroscopy in 1929 (1934 resp.)
.\n\nThe development of industry was followed by a gradual introduction of
social insurance\, which should have helped to settle social contracts\,
fight with pauperism and prevent strikes. Social insurance institutions se
t up mathematical departments responsible for mathematical and statistical
modelling of the financial system in order to ensure its sustainability.
During the 1920s and 1930s Czechoslovakia brought its system of social ins
urance up to date. This is connected with Emil Schoenbaum\, internationall
y renowned expert on insurance (actuarial) mathematics\, Professor of the
Charles University and one of the directors of the General Institute of Pe
nsions in Prague.\n\nAfter the Nazi occupation in 1939\, Czech industry wa
s transformed to serve armament of the Wehrmacht and the social system hel
ped the Nazis to introduce the carrot and stick policy to keep weapons pro
duction running up to early 1945. There was also strong personal discontin
uity\, as the Jews and political opponents either fled to exile or were br
utally persecuted.\nSpeakers:\nJan Kotůlek (Technical University of Ostra
va)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (C2)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/75b5da9e-ec0a-4e44-abec-2879c53b1656/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:Applied mathematics in Czechoslovakia between the two wor
ld wars - Jan Kotůlek (Technical University of Ostrava)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:Applied mathematics in Czechoslovakia between the two world wars -
Jan Kotůlek (Technical University of Ostrava)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180613T160000
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180613T170000
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/75b5da9e-ec0a-4e44-abec-2879c53b1656/
DESCRIPTION:The Czech lands were the most industrial part of the Austrian-
Hungarian monarchy\, broken up at the end of the WW1. As such\, Czechoslov
akia inherited developed industry supported by developed system of tertiar
y education\, and Czech and German universities and technical universities
\, where the first chairs for applied mathematics were set up. The close c
ooperation with the Skoda company led to the establishment of joint resear
ch institutes in applied mathematics and spectroscopy in 1929 (1934 resp.)
.\n\nThe development of industry was followed by a gradual introduction of
social insurance\, which should have helped to settle social contracts\,
fight with pauperism and prevent strikes. Social insurance institutions se
t up mathematical departments responsible for mathematical and statistical
modelling of the financial system in order to ensure its sustainability.
During the 1920s and 1930s Czechoslovakia brought its system of social ins
urance up to date. This is connected with Emil Schoenbaum\, internationall
y renowned expert on insurance (actuarial) mathematics\, Professor of the
Charles University and one of the directors of the General Institute of Pe
nsions in Prague.\n\nAfter the Nazi occupation in 1939\, Czech industry wa
s transformed to serve armament of the Wehrmacht and the social system hel
ped the Nazis to introduce the carrot and stick policy to keep weapons pro
duction running up to early 1945. There was also strong personal discontin
uity\, as the Jews and political opponents either fled to exile or were br
utally persecuted.\nSpeakers:\nJan Kotůlek (Technical University of Ostra
va)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (C2)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/75b5da9e-ec0a-4e44-abec-2879c53b1656/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:Applied mathematics in Czechoslovakia between the two wor
ld wars - Jan Kotůlek (Technical University of Ostrava)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:Formulating a theory - mathematics in Thomson and Rutherford's col
laboration on x-ray ionisation - Isobel Falconer (University of St Andrews
)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20181109T150000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20181109T160000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/5d7365c0-0942-4ebc-8bb6-d5e0f8a3abe7/
DESCRIPTION:In 1897 J.J. Thomson 'discovered' the electron. The previous y
ear\, he and his research student Ernest Rutherford (later to 'discover' t
he atomic nucleus)\, collaborated in experiments to work out why gases exp
osed to x-rays became conducting. \n\nThis talk will discuss the very diff
erent mathematical educations of the two men\, and the impact these differ
ences had on their experimental investigation and the theory they arrived
at. This theory formed the backdrop to Thomson's electron work the followi
ng year.\nSpeakers:\nIsobel Falconer (University of St Andrews)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (Classroom C1)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/5d7365c0-0942-4ebc-8bb6-d5e0f8a3abe7/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:Formulating a theory - mathematics in Thomson and Rutherf
ord's collaboration on x-ray ionisation - Isobel Falconer (University of S
t Andrews)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:Formulating a theory - mathematics in Thomson and Rutherford's col
laboration on x-ray ionisation - Isobel Falconer (University of St Andrews
)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20181109T150000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20181109T160000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/5d7365c0-0942-4ebc-8bb6-d5e0f8a3abe7/
DESCRIPTION:In 1897 J.J. Thomson 'discovered' the electron. The previous y
ear\, he and his research student Ernest Rutherford (later to 'discover' t
he atomic nucleus)\, collaborated in experiments to work out why gases exp
osed to x-rays became conducting. \n\nThis talk will discuss the very diff
erent mathematical educations of the two men\, and the impact these differ
ences had on their experimental investigation and the theory they arrived
at. This theory formed the backdrop to Thomson's electron work the followi
ng year.\nSpeakers:\nIsobel Falconer (University of St Andrews)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (Classroom C1)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/5d7365c0-0942-4ebc-8bb6-d5e0f8a3abe7/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:Formulating a theory - mathematics in Thomson and Rutherf
ord's collaboration on x-ray ionisation - Isobel Falconer (University of S
t Andrews)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:Was James Clerk Maxwell’s mathematics as good as his poetry? - M
ark McCartney (University of Ulster)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180125T170000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180125T180000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/34ef4c18-ea02-4b02-ac4b-0a7f548481e1/
DESCRIPTION:James Clerk Maxwell (1831–1879) was\, by any measure\, a nat
ural philosopher of the first rank who made wide-ranging contributions to
science. He also\, however\, wrote poetry.\n\nIn this talk examples of Max
well’s poetry will be discussed in the context of a biographical sketch.
It will be argued that not only was Maxwell a good poet\, but that his
poetry enriches our view of his life and its intellectual context.\nSpeake
rs:\nMark McCartney (University of Ulster)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (L5)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/34ef4c18-ea02-4b02-ac4b-0a7f548481e1/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:Was James Clerk Maxwell’s mathematics as good as his po
etry? - Mark McCartney (University of Ulster)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:Was James Clerk Maxwell’s mathematics as good as his poetry? - M
ark McCartney (University of Ulster)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180125T170000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180125T180000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/34ef4c18-ea02-4b02-ac4b-0a7f548481e1/
DESCRIPTION:James Clerk Maxwell (1831–1879) was\, by any measure\, a nat
ural philosopher of the first rank who made wide-ranging contributions to
science. He also\, however\, wrote poetry.\n\nIn this talk examples of Max
well’s poetry will be discussed in the context of a biographical sketch.
It will be argued that not only was Maxwell a good poet\, but that his
poetry enriches our view of his life and its intellectual context.\nSpeake
rs:\nMark McCartney (University of Ulster)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (L5)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/34ef4c18-ea02-4b02-ac4b-0a7f548481e1/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:Was James Clerk Maxwell’s mathematics as good as his po
etry? - Mark McCartney (University of Ulster)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:Reading mathematics in the eighteenth century: Montesquieu and you
ng d’Alembert - Jeanne Peiffer (Centre Alexandre Koyré)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180307T170000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180307T183000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/e1ed8ef5-196b-4f3e-8937-05fe89c71194/
DESCRIPTION:Montesquieu\, one of the major political philosophers of the E
nlightenment\, author of the famous De l’esprit des lois (1748)\, left c
opious marginal notes in a Cartesian textbook published by a mathematics t
eacher\, Nicolas Guisnée\, and entitled Application de l’algèbre à la
géométrie (Paris 1705). Some years later\, young d’Alembert studied a
nd commented upon the same text\, writing a continuous commentary\, which
is still unpublished. The focus of the talk will be on different reading p
ractices of Montesquieu and d’Alembert\, their motivations and the goals
they might have pursued. \nSpeakers:\nJeanne Peiffer (Centre Alexandre Ko
yré)
LOCATION:All Souls College (Hovenden Room)\, High Street OX1 4AL
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/e1ed8ef5-196b-4f3e-8937-05fe89c71194/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:Reading mathematics in the eighteenth century: Montesquie
u and young d’Alembert - Jeanne Peiffer (Centre Alexandre Koyré)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:Geometry and mathematics for the technical and visual arts at the
turn of the sixteenth century - Matthew Landrus (University of Oxford)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180228T170000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180228T183000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/118ab803-d6f0-4d16-a8c8-5c9838e49cf0/
DESCRIPTION:Although an increasing number of printed books around 1500 ass
essed geometry and arithmetic\, specific evidence of their applications in
the visual and technical arts is difficult to locate. Ten percent of incu
nabula addressed science\, and were consulted by readers of books on music
\, as well as the artes techinae. Luca Pacioli’s Summa (1494) is an exam
ple of the developing mathematical discourse that taught argumentative rea
soning and other practical and theoretical applications of mathematics in
general. A century after Francesco di Giorgio’s 1478 ‘Opusculum de arc
hitectura\,’ Ignatio Danti complained of the reduction of mathematical s
ciences among natural philosophers\, such that “the little which remains
to us is limited to some practical aspects learned from the mechanical ar
tificers.” The development of mathematical studies chiefly among artist/
engineers was rooted in the traditions of intellectual ‘omini pratici’
dating back to the treatises of Lorenzo Ghiberti\, Leon Battista Alberti\
, Filarete\, Piero della Francesca\, and Francesco di Giorgio. Followers o
f this scholarship\, generally around 1500 in the region from central Ital
y to southern Germany\, believed that the universal form and function of N
ecessity required proportional estimation and numerical definition. Thus\,
approaches to problems in statics and dynamics often relied on arithmetic
and Euclidean geometry\, at a time when mathematical solutions were also
sought for ancient Greek problems rational numbers could only estimate (eg
. doubling the cube\, squaring the circle\, trisecting the angle). I will
use examples in the work of Leonardo da Vinci and his contemporaries as ev
idence of the central role of proportional geometry and arithmetic among a
rtist/engineers for solutions in the natural sciences and practical arts.\
nSpeakers:\nMatthew Landrus (University of Oxford)
LOCATION:All Souls College (Hovenden Room)\, High Street OX1 4AL
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/118ab803-d6f0-4d16-a8c8-5c9838e49cf0/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:Geometry and mathematics for the technical and visual art
s at the turn of the sixteenth century - Matthew Landrus (University of Ox
ford)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:Forms of proofs for algebraic equations in medieval China - Karin
Chemla (CNRS)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180221T170000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180221T183000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/45bed3c4-ed89-495b-aaf3-08aa4007b028/
DESCRIPTION:How can diagrams account for the correctness of algorithms? Wr
itings composed in China between the 11th and the 13th centuries and devot
ed to algebraic equations illustrate an unexpected answer to this question
. They contain geometrical diagrams whose captions establish a specific co
nnection between the diagrams and the algorithms in relation to which they
are given. The talk will analyze the context in which these diagrams\, in
and of themselves\, formulate an argument. It will further examine the fo
rm of algebraic proof in an algorithmic context that replaces these diagra
ms when later on\, they disappear from writings devoted to algebraic equat
ions.\nSpeakers:\nKarin Chemla (CNRS)
LOCATION:All Souls College (Hovenden Room)\, High Street OX1 4AL
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/45bed3c4-ed89-495b-aaf3-08aa4007b028/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:Forms of proofs for algebraic equations in medieval China
- Karin Chemla (CNRS)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:Speaking\, reading\, writing and printing numbers in seventeenth-
and eighteenth-century England - Natasha Glaisyer (University of York)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180214T170000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180214T183000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/16995612-84bc-428d-a4b4-4b3275fc3fa2/
DESCRIPTION:In his seminal work on numeracy Keith Thomas noticed the diffe
rent status of different forms of numbers. He quoted Gervase Markham’s 1
635 Honest Husbandman ‘there is more trust in an honest score chaulkt on
a Trencher\, then in a cunning written scrowle\, how well so ever painted
on the best Parchment’. This paper begins to explore this issue Thomas
raises by considering how speaking\, reading and writing numbers was taugh
t in seventeenth and eighteenth-century England. Most published arithmetic
s included numeration tables that were designed to help readers convert sp
oken numbers to written numbers and vice versa. The table played various r
oles in the explanations of place value\; at times it was seen to be a sub
stitute for a master\, and in some contexts the language of the body was u
sed to help readers navigate the table. A few authors were particularly ke
en to help readers understand very large numbers. Numeration tables also a
ppeared in manuscript arithmetics and the last part of the paper looks at
the heated controversies surrounding handwriting numbers in this period.\n
Speakers:\nNatasha Glaisyer (University of York)
LOCATION:All Souls College (Hovenden Room)\, High Street OX1 4AL
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/16995612-84bc-428d-a4b4-4b3275fc3fa2/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:Speaking\, reading\, writing and printing numbers in seve
nteenth- and eighteenth-century England - Natasha Glaisyer (University of
York)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:Insights into the long “genesis” of Dedekind’s lattice theor
y - Emmylou Haffner (Bergische Universität Wuppertal)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180207T170000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180207T183000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/4d0a88fb-2582-446f-8f91-e0253d1fde04/
DESCRIPTION:In two papers published in 1897 and 1900\, Richard Dedekind pr
esents and studies a new notion\, the Dualgruppe\, which corresponds to w
hat is today called a “lattice”. This concept was the result of a long
and\, as Dedekind tells us\, strenuous research process that lasted aroun
d twenty years.\n\nNot only is it possible to identify\, in Dedekind’s p
ublished works\, the major steps of his work towards the notion of Dualgr
uppe\, we also can follow the research process in his – rich and well-pr
eserved – Nachlass. \n\nIndeed\, in Dedekind’s Nachlass\, one can f
ind several hundred pages of research\, notes and computations leading to
the slow\, progressive elaboration of the notion of Dualgruppe. These co
mputations and the stepwise generalization of the concept largely disappea
r from the published exposition of the theory\, which appears to be very g
eneral and abstract. The drafts highlight the working process and Dedekin
d’s exploration\, through computations\, tables\, half-written papers...
\n\nUsing Dedekind’s Nachlass\, I will show how Dedekind gradually bui
lt his Dualgruppe theory through many layers of computations\, often rep
eated in slight variations and attempted generalization. Insofar as these
drafts were working tools for Dedekind\, by studying the concealed strata
of mathematics they contain\, I wish to reveal and clarify the preliminary
and intermediary states and steps of the mathematical research during the
elaboration of the concept of Dualgruppe. \n\nWhile focused on Dedekind
’s work\, here\, I also hope to stress the fruitfulness\, for the histor
y of mathematics\, of taking into account the various notes and drafts le
ft by mathematicians.\nSpeakers:\nEmmylou Haffner (Bergische Universität
Wuppertal)
LOCATION:All Souls College (Hovenden Room)\, High Street OX1 4AL
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/4d0a88fb-2582-446f-8f91-e0253d1fde04/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:Insights into the long “genesis” of Dedekind’s latt
ice theory - Emmylou Haffner (Bergische Universität Wuppertal)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:Gauss’s diary\, Riemann’s Hypothesis\, and Klein’s letters:
the central archive for mathematics bequests in Göttingen - Katharina Hab
ermann (Universität Göttingen)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180131T170000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180131T183000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/283a12f7-8d6d-41ca-bc0f-c3eeb85c3f16/
DESCRIPTION:The Central Archive for Mathematics Bequests was established i
n 1992\, based on an agreement between the German Mathematical Society and
the Göttingen State and University Library. It was built upon the rich i
nventory that was created from collections of documents\, manuscripts\, an
d other archival resources\, donated as bequests (Nachlässe) to Göttinge
n’s university library. For example\, the Nachlässe of Abraham Gotthelf
Kästner\, Tobias Mayer\, Carl Friedrich Gauss\, and Bernhard Riemann as
well as the so-called Mathematiker-Archiv\, an archival collection of pape
rs of notable mathematicians started by Felix Klein\, were already present
in Göttingen. Today\, the archive houses a vast collection of documents
and archival material of more than 60 mathematicians.\n\nIn this talk\, I
will address present activities at the archive and will provide some examp
les in order to give an impression of the value of the vast collection for
the history of mathematics. Moreover\, I will share some ideas on future
projects.\nSpeakers:\nKatharina Habermann (Universität Göttingen)
LOCATION:All Souls College (Hovenden Room)\, High Street OX1 4AL
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/283a12f7-8d6d-41ca-bc0f-c3eeb85c3f16/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:Gauss’s diary\, Riemann’s Hypothesis\, and Klein’s
letters: the central archive for mathematics bequests in Göttingen - Kath
arina Habermann (Universität Göttingen)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:Justification of axioms: a neglected topic in the history of mathe
matics? - Ralph Krömer (Bergische Universität Wuppertal)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180124T170000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180124T183000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/f04e1efb-25e2-4ab4-b37c-554ae1891e92/
DESCRIPTION:In joint work with Hans-Niels Jahnke (Universität Duisburg-Es
sen)\, we investigate the issue of justification of axioms in mathematics\
, from ancient Greek geometry to current debates on set theory\, category
theory and the foundations of mathematics. The aim of the talk is not to g
ive a complete history of the phenomenon but to highlight its relevance (n
ot sufficiently taken into account in the existing literature\, in our opi
nion) by focussing on some particular cases. We take a look at Proclus’s
discussion of Euclid’s axioms and postulates (especially\, but not excl
usively\, the parallel postulate)\, at how Archimedes and much later Klein
discuss the archimedean axiom\, and finally at Penelope Maddy’s account
of axioms of set theory\, inspired by Zermelo’s remarks on the axiom of
choice. The last case leads us to similar considerations concerning the r
ole of category theory in the foundations of mathematics.\nSpeakers:\nRalp
h Krömer (Bergische Universität Wuppertal)
LOCATION:All Souls College (Hovenden Room)\, High Street OX1 4AL
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/f04e1efb-25e2-4ab4-b37c-554ae1891e92/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:Justification of axioms: a neglected topic in the history
of mathematics? - Ralph Krömer (Bergische Universität Wuppertal)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:"Black strokes upon white paper": changing attitudes towards symbo
lic algebra from the 19th into the 20th century - Christopher Hollings (Un
iversity of Oxford)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180117T170000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180117T183000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/f36feced-9045-4318-bae8-649e01d75cef/
DESCRIPTION:During the first half of the nineteenth century\, a debate too
k place amongst British mathematicians concerning the nature of the symbol
s used in algebra: did they necessarily stand for numbers\, or could they
simply be manipulated according to specified rules\, with interpretation (
if any) coming later? Critics of the former point of view decried the res
triction that would thereby be placed upon the use of algebra\, whilst tho
se of the latter saw it as being ill-justified and often too far removed f
rom concrete examples. For a range of reasons\, both educational and phil
osophical\, a fully abstract 'symbolical algebra' never appeared in ninete
enth-century British mathematics\; 'abstract algebra' as we now know it de
rives from largely German sources at the end of the century. Nevertheless
\, as the abstract point of view came gradually to dominate algebra during
the early decades of the twentieth century\, similar debates took place t
o those of a century earlier. This time\, however\, the abstract approach
was received more sympathetically. In this talk\, I will contrast these
changing attitudes towards abstract/symbolic algebra\, and address the que
stion of why this approach became more acceptable in the twentieth century
.\nSpeakers:\nChristopher Hollings (University of Oxford)
LOCATION:All Souls College (Hovenden Room)\, High Street OX1 4AL
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/f36feced-9045-4318-bae8-649e01d75cef/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:"Black strokes upon white paper": changing attitudes towa
rds symbolic algebra from the 19th into the 20th century - Christopher Hol
lings (University of Oxford)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:"Black strokes upon white paper": changing attitudes towards symbo
lic algebra from the 19th into the 20th century - Christopher Hollings (Un
iversity of Oxford)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180117T170000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180117T183000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/f36feced-9045-4318-bae8-649e01d75cef/
DESCRIPTION:During the first half of the nineteenth century\, a debate too
k place amongst British mathematicians concerning the nature of the symbol
s used in algebra: did they necessarily stand for numbers\, or could they
simply be manipulated according to specified rules\, with interpretation (
if any) coming later? Critics of the former point of view decried the res
triction that would thereby be placed upon the use of algebra\, whilst tho
se of the latter saw it as being ill-justified and often too far removed f
rom concrete examples. For a range of reasons\, both educational and phil
osophical\, a fully abstract 'symbolical algebra' never appeared in ninete
enth-century British mathematics\; 'abstract algebra' as we now know it de
rives from largely German sources at the end of the century. Nevertheless
\, as the abstract point of view came gradually to dominate algebra during
the early decades of the twentieth century\, similar debates took place t
o those of a century earlier. This time\, however\, the abstract approach
was received more sympathetically. In this talk\, I will contrast these
changing attitudes towards abstract/symbolic algebra\, and address the que
stion of why this approach became more acceptable in the twentieth century
.\nSpeakers:\nChristopher Hollings (University of Oxford)
LOCATION:All Souls College (Hovenden Room)\, High Street OX1 4AL
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/f36feced-9045-4318-bae8-649e01d75cef/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:"Black strokes upon white paper": changing attitudes towa
rds symbolic algebra from the 19th into the 20th century - Christopher Hol
lings (University of Oxford)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:Spinning\, stalling\, and falling apart - Tony Royle (The Open Uni
versity)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20171114T160000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20171114T170000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/a9388944-6cc1-4abb-9d1a-45592e94830e/
DESCRIPTION:The birth of fixed-wing\, powered flight in the first decade o
f the twentieth century brought with it significant potential for pilots t
o return to Earth by unintended\, often fatal\, means. I will discuss the
nature of the contemporary mathematical and engineering debates associated
with these facets of flight\, and the practical steps taken to facilitate
safer aircraft and more robust operating procedures.\nSpeakers:\nTony Roy
le (The Open University)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (L3)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/a9388944-6cc1-4abb-9d1a-45592e94830e/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:Spinning\, stalling\, and falling apart - Tony Royle (The
Open University)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:Spinning\, stalling\, and falling apart - Tony Royle (The Open Uni
versity)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20171114T160000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20171114T170000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/a9388944-6cc1-4abb-9d1a-45592e94830e/
DESCRIPTION:The birth of fixed-wing\, powered flight in the first decade o
f the twentieth century brought with it significant potential for pilots t
o return to Earth by unintended\, often fatal\, means. I will discuss the
nature of the contemporary mathematical and engineering debates associated
with these facets of flight\, and the practical steps taken to facilitate
safer aircraft and more robust operating procedures.\nSpeakers:\nTony Roy
le (The Open University)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (L3)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/a9388944-6cc1-4abb-9d1a-45592e94830e/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:Spinning\, stalling\, and falling apart - Tony Royle (The
Open University)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:Cooperating around a theory: the example of lattice theory in the
1930s - Simon Decaens (Université Paris Diderot)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20170616T140000
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20170616T150000
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/e4a363e9-90c8-4834-aa47-2c528582a6c5/
DESCRIPTION:In 1933\, lattice theory was a new subject\, put forth by Garr
ett Birkhoff. In contrast\, in 1940\, it was already a mature subject\, wo
rth publishing a book on. Indeed\, the first monograph\, written by the sa
me G. Birkhoff\, was the result of these 7 years of working on a lattice t
heory. In my talk\, I would like to focus on this fast development. I will
present the notion of a theory not only as an actors' category but as an
historical category. Relying on that definition\, I would like to focus on
some collaborations around the notion of lattices. In particular\, we wil
l study lattice theory as a meeting point between the works of G. Birkhoff
and two other mathematicians: John von Neumann and Marshall Stone.\nSpeak
ers:\nSimon Decaens (Université Paris Diderot)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (C2)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/e4a363e9-90c8-4834-aa47-2c528582a6c5/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:Cooperating around a theory: the example of lattice theor
y in the 1930s - Simon Decaens (Université Paris Diderot)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:Cooperating around a theory: the example of lattice theory in the
1930s - Simon Decaens (Université Paris Diderot)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20170616T140000
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20170616T150000
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/e4a363e9-90c8-4834-aa47-2c528582a6c5/
DESCRIPTION:In 1933\, lattice theory was a new subject\, put forth by Garr
ett Birkhoff. In contrast\, in 1940\, it was already a mature subject\, wo
rth publishing a book on. Indeed\, the first monograph\, written by the sa
me G. Birkhoff\, was the result of these 7 years of working on a lattice t
heory. In my talk\, I would like to focus on this fast development. I will
present the notion of a theory not only as an actors' category but as an
historical category. Relying on that definition\, I would like to focus on
some collaborations around the notion of lattices. In particular\, we wil
l study lattice theory as a meeting point between the works of G. Birkhoff
and two other mathematicians: John von Neumann and Marshall Stone.\nSpeak
ers:\nSimon Decaens (Université Paris Diderot)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (C2)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/e4a363e9-90c8-4834-aa47-2c528582a6c5/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:Cooperating around a theory: the example of lattice theor
y in the 1930s - Simon Decaens (Université Paris Diderot)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:The Struggle for Algebra: English mathematics around 1660 - Philip
Beeley (University of Oxford)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20170522T170000
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20170522T180000
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/ede76c27-687a-42be-805f-e0721f20c834/
DESCRIPTION:The talk will set out the key debate in England at the Restora
tion\, the need for a new orientation in mathematics towards algebra and t
he new "analysis". It will focus on efforts by three central players in En
gland's mathematical community\, John Pell\, John Collins\, and the Oxford
mathematician John Wallis to produce an English language algebra text whi
ch would play a pioneering role in promoting this change. What was the bac
kground to the work we now call Pell's Algebra and why was it so significa
nt?\nSpeakers:\nPhilip Beeley (University of Oxford)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (L3)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/ede76c27-687a-42be-805f-e0721f20c834/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:The Struggle for Algebra: English mathematics around 1660
- Philip Beeley (University of Oxford)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:The Struggle for Algebra: English mathematics around 1660 - Philip
Beeley (University of Oxford)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20170522T170000
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20170522T180000
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/ede76c27-687a-42be-805f-e0721f20c834/
DESCRIPTION:The talk will set out the key debate in England at the Restora
tion\, the need for a new orientation in mathematics towards algebra and t
he new "analysis". It will focus on efforts by three central players in En
gland's mathematical community\, John Pell\, John Collins\, and the Oxford
mathematician John Wallis to produce an English language algebra text whi
ch would play a pioneering role in promoting this change. What was the bac
kground to the work we now call Pell's Algebra and why was it so significa
nt?\nSpeakers:\nPhilip Beeley (University of Oxford)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (L3)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/ede76c27-687a-42be-805f-e0721f20c834/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:The Struggle for Algebra: English mathematics around 1660
- Philip Beeley (University of Oxford)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:Ars sine Scientia Nihil Est: Architecture and Mathematics through
history - Snezana Lawrence (Anglia Ruskin University)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20170515T170000
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20170515T180000
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/ac62b65a-3094-4aaf-9181-7942f2570c8f/
DESCRIPTION:In the last year of 14th century\, a French mathematician/geom
eter Jean Mignot\, was called from Paris to help with the construction of
the Cathedral of Milan. Thus was created one of the most famous stories ab
out how mathematics literally supports great works of art\, helping them s
tand the test of time. This talk will look at some patterns that begin to
become apparent in the investigations of the relationship between architec
ture and mathematics and the creativity that is common to the pursuit of b
oth. I will present the case on how this may matter to someone who is inte
rested in the history of mathematics. To make this more intelligible\, I w
ill partly talk also of my personal journey in investigating this relation
ship and the issues I have researched and written about\, and how these in
turn changed my view of the nature of mathematics education. \nSpeakers:\
nSnezana Lawrence (Anglia Ruskin University)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (L3)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/ac62b65a-3094-4aaf-9181-7942f2570c8f/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:Ars sine Scientia Nihil Est: Architecture and Mathematics
through history - Snezana Lawrence (Anglia Ruskin University)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:Ars sine Scientia Nihil Est: Architecture and Mathematics through
history - Snezana Lawrence (Anglia Ruskin University)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20170515T170000
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20170515T180000
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/ac62b65a-3094-4aaf-9181-7942f2570c8f/
DESCRIPTION:In the last year of 14th century\, a French mathematician/geom
eter Jean Mignot\, was called from Paris to help with the construction of
the Cathedral of Milan. Thus was created one of the most famous stories ab
out how mathematics literally supports great works of art\, helping them s
tand the test of time. This talk will look at some patterns that begin to
become apparent in the investigations of the relationship between architec
ture and mathematics and the creativity that is common to the pursuit of b
oth. I will present the case on how this may matter to someone who is inte
rested in the history of mathematics. To make this more intelligible\, I w
ill partly talk also of my personal journey in investigating this relation
ship and the issues I have researched and written about\, and how these in
turn changed my view of the nature of mathematics education. \nSpeakers:\
nSnezana Lawrence (Anglia Ruskin University)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (L3)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/ac62b65a-3094-4aaf-9181-7942f2570c8f/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:Ars sine Scientia Nihil Est: Architecture and Mathematics
through history - Snezana Lawrence (Anglia Ruskin University)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:What is algebra? - Christopher Hollings (University of Oxford)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20170508T170000
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20170508T180000
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/cc01c0d5-f29d-4f8c-9bfb-a8e9bf89bcc2/
DESCRIPTION:I will address the question "What do historians of mathematics
do?" by turning to another: "What is algebra?" In answering this second
question\, and surveying the way that the answer changes as we move throug
h the centuries\, I will highlight some of the problems that face historia
ns of mathematics when it comes to interpreting historical mathematics\, a
nd give a flavour of what it means to study the history of mathematics.\nS
peakers:\nChristopher Hollings (University of Oxford)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (L3)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/cc01c0d5-f29d-4f8c-9bfb-a8e9bf89bcc2/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:What is algebra? - Christopher Hollings (University of Ox
ford)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:What is algebra? - Christopher Hollings (University of Oxford)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20170508T170000
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20170508T180000
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/cc01c0d5-f29d-4f8c-9bfb-a8e9bf89bcc2/
DESCRIPTION:I will address the question "What do historians of mathematics
do?" by turning to another: "What is algebra?" In answering this second
question\, and surveying the way that the answer changes as we move throug
h the centuries\, I will highlight some of the problems that face historia
ns of mathematics when it comes to interpreting historical mathematics\, a
nd give a flavour of what it means to study the history of mathematics.\nS
peakers:\nChristopher Hollings (University of Oxford)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (L3)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/cc01c0d5-f29d-4f8c-9bfb-a8e9bf89bcc2/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:What is algebra? - Christopher Hollings (University of Ox
ford)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
SUMMARY:What is algebra? - Christopher Hollings (University of Oxford)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20170508T170000
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20170508T180000
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/cc01c0d5-f29d-4f8c-9bfb-a8e9bf89bcc2/
DESCRIPTION:I will address the question "What do historians of mathematics
do?" by turning to another: "What is algebra?" In answering this second
question\, and surveying the way that the answer changes as we move throug
h the centuries\, I will highlight some of the problems that face historia
ns of mathematics when it comes to interpreting historical mathematics\, a
nd give a flavour of what it means to study the history of mathematics.\nS
peakers:\nChristopher Hollings (University of Oxford)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (L3)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
TZID:Europe/London
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/cc01c0d5-f29d-4f8c-9bfb-a8e9bf89bcc2/
BEGIN:VALARM
ACTION:display
DESCRIPTION:Talk:What is algebra? - Christopher Hollings (University of Ox
ford)
TRIGGER:-PT1H
END:VALARM
END:VEVENT
END:VCALENDAR