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SUMMARY:Euclid's Elements of Geometry in Early Modern Britain - Yelda Nasi
foglu (University of Oxford)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180515T150000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180515T160000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/c7cda833-6a3d-4915-a6d1-e1d18812b436/
DESCRIPTION:Both as a canonical mathematical text and as a representative
of ancient thought\, Euclid's Elements of Geometry has been a subject of s
tudy since its creation c. 300 BCE. It has been read as a practical and a
theoretical text\; it has been studied for its philosophical ramifications
and for its perceived potential to inculcate logical thought. For the his
torian\, it is where the history of mathematics meets the history of ideas
\; where the history of the book meets the history of practice. The study
of the Elements enjoyed a particular resurgence during the Early Modern pe
riod\, when around 200 editions of the text appeared between 1482 and 1700
. Depending on their theoretical and practical functions\, they ranged be
tween elaborate folios and pocket-size compendia\, and were widely studied
by scholars\, natural philosophers\, mathematical practitioners\, and sch
oolchildren alike.\n\nIn this talk\, I will present some of the preliminar
y results of the research we have been conducting for the AHRC-funded proj
ect based at the History Faculty 'Reading Euclid: Euclid's Elements of Geo
metry in Early Modern Britain'\, paying particular attention to how the bo
oks were printed\, collected\, and annotated. I will concentrate on our me
thodologies and introduce the database we have been building of all the ea
rly modern copies of the text in the British Isles\, as well as the 'catal
ogue of book catalogues'.\nSpeakers:\nYelda Nasifoglu (University of Oxfor
d)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (Lecture room L3)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/c7cda833-6a3d-4915-a6d1-e1d18812b436/
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DESCRIPTION:Talk:Euclid's Elements of Geometry in Early Modern Britain - Y
elda Nasifoglu (University of Oxford)
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SUMMARY:“Perseverance and intelligence\, but no genius”: Mary Somervil
le's theory of differences - Brigitte Stenhouse (The Open University)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180508T150000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180508T160000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/f747c8e4-1ec6-4413-8320-ce86c0f27f4d/
DESCRIPTION:In 1873 the Personal Recollections from Early Life to Old Age
of Mary Somerville were published\, containing detailed descriptions of he
r life as a 19th century philosopher\, mathematician and advocate of women
's rights. In an early draft of this work\, Somerville reiterated the wide
ly held view that a fundamental difference between men and women was the l
atter's lack of originality\, or 'genius'.\n\nIn my talk I will examine ho
w Somerville's view was influenced by the historic treatment of women\, bo
th within scientific research\, scientific institutions and wider society.
By building on my doctoral research I will also suggest an alternative vi
ewpoint in which her work in the differential calculus can be seen as orig
inal\, with a focus on her 1834 treatise On the Theory of Differences.\nSp
eakers:\nBrigitte Stenhouse (The Open University)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (Lecture room L3)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/f747c8e4-1ec6-4413-8320-ce86c0f27f4d/
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DESCRIPTION:Talk:“Perseverance and intelligence\, but no genius”: Mary
Somerville's theory of differences - Brigitte Stenhouse (The Open Univers
ity)
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SUMMARY:“The World Is Round. Or\, Is It\, Really?” A Global History o
f Mathematics in the 17th Century - Tomoko L. Kitagawa (UC Berkeley & Oxfo
rd Centre for Global History)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180501T150000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180501T160000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/46172c96-c0ce-4422-ac2c-6cf235767106/
DESCRIPTION:In this talk\, we will survey the movement of mathematical ide
as in the 17th century. We will explore\, in particular\, the mathematical
cultures of Paris\, Amsterdam\, Rome\, Cape Town\, Goa\, Kyoto\, Beijing\
, and London\, as well as the journey of mathematical knowledge on a globa
l scale. As it will be an ambitious task to complete a round-the-world his
tory tour in an hour\, the focus will be on East Asia. By employing the di
gital humanities technique\, this presentation will use digital media to e
ffectively show historical sources and help the audience imagine the world
as a “round” entity when we discuss a global history of mathematics.\
nSpeakers:\nTomoko L. Kitagawa (UC Berkeley & Oxford Centre for Global His
tory)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (Lecture room L3)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/46172c96-c0ce-4422-ac2c-6cf235767106/
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DESCRIPTION:Talk:“The World Is Round. Or\, Is It\, Really?” A Global
History of Mathematics in the 17th Century - Tomoko L. Kitagawa (UC Berkel
ey & Oxford Centre for Global History)
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SUMMARY:The Struggle for Algebra: English mathematics around 1660 - Philip
Beeley (University of Oxford)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20170522T160000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20170522T170000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/ede76c27-687a-42be-805f-e0721f20c834/
DESCRIPTION:The talk will set out the key debate in England at the Restora
tion\, the need for a new orientation in mathematics towards algebra and t
he new "analysis". It will focus on efforts by three central players in En
gland's mathematical community\, John Pell\, John Collins\, and the Oxford
mathematician John Wallis to produce an English language algebra text whi
ch would play a pioneering role in promoting this change. What was the bac
kground to the work we now call Pell's Algebra and why was it so significa
nt?\nSpeakers:\nPhilip Beeley (University of Oxford)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (L3)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/ede76c27-687a-42be-805f-e0721f20c834/
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- Philip Beeley (University of Oxford)
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SUMMARY:Ars sine Scientia Nihil Est: Architecture and Mathematics through
history - Snezana Lawrence (Anglia Ruskin University)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20170515T160000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20170515T170000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/ac62b65a-3094-4aaf-9181-7942f2570c8f/
DESCRIPTION:In the last year of 14th century\, a French mathematician/geom
eter Jean Mignot\, was called from Paris to help with the construction of
the Cathedral of Milan. Thus was created one of the most famous stories ab
out how mathematics literally supports great works of art\, helping them s
tand the test of time. This talk will look at some patterns that begin to
become apparent in the investigations of the relationship between architec
ture and mathematics and the creativity that is common to the pursuit of b
oth. I will present the case on how this may matter to someone who is inte
rested in the history of mathematics. To make this more intelligible\, I w
ill partly talk also of my personal journey in investigating this relation
ship and the issues I have researched and written about\, and how these in
turn changed my view of the nature of mathematics education. \nSpeakers:\
nSnezana Lawrence (Anglia Ruskin University)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (L3)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/ac62b65a-3094-4aaf-9181-7942f2570c8f/
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DESCRIPTION:Talk:Ars sine Scientia Nihil Est: Architecture and Mathematics
through history - Snezana Lawrence (Anglia Ruskin University)
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SUMMARY:What is algebra? - Christopher Hollings (University of Oxford)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20170508T160000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20170508T170000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/cc01c0d5-f29d-4f8c-9bfb-a8e9bf89bcc2/
DESCRIPTION:I will address the question "What do historians of mathematics
do?" by turning to another: "What is algebra?" In answering this second
question\, and surveying the way that the answer changes as we move throug
h the centuries\, I will highlight some of the problems that face historia
ns of mathematics when it comes to interpreting historical mathematics\, a
nd give a flavour of what it means to study the history of mathematics.\nS
peakers:\nChristopher Hollings (University of Oxford)
LOCATION:Mathematical Institute (L3)\, Woodstock Road OX2 6GG
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/cc01c0d5-f29d-4f8c-9bfb-a8e9bf89bcc2/
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DESCRIPTION:Talk:What is algebra? - Christopher Hollings (University of Ox
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