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SUMMARY:Geometry and mathematics for the technical and visual arts at the
turn of the sixteenth century - Matthew Landrus (University of Oxford)
DTSTART;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180228T170000Z
DTEND;VALUE=DATE-TIME:20180228T183000Z
UID:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/118ab803-d6f0-4d16-a8c8-5c9838e49cf0/
DESCRIPTION:Although an increasing number of printed books around 1500 ass
essed geometry and arithmetic\, specific evidence of their applications in
the visual and technical arts is difficult to locate. Ten percent of incu
nabula addressed science\, and were consulted by readers of books on music
\, as well as the artes techinae. Luca Pacioli’s Summa (1494) is an exam
ple of the developing mathematical discourse that taught argumentative rea
soning and other practical and theoretical applications of mathematics in
general. A century after Francesco di Giorgio’s 1478 ‘Opusculum de arc
hitectura\,’ Ignatio Danti complained of the reduction of mathematical s
ciences among natural philosophers\, such that “the little which remains
to us is limited to some practical aspects learned from the mechanical ar
tificers.” The development of mathematical studies chiefly among artist/
engineers was rooted in the traditions of intellectual ‘omini pratici’
dating back to the treatises of Lorenzo Ghiberti\, Leon Battista Alberti\
, Filarete\, Piero della Francesca\, and Francesco di Giorgio. Followers o
f this scholarship\, generally around 1500 in the region from central Ital
y to southern Germany\, believed that the universal form and function of N
ecessity required proportional estimation and numerical definition. Thus\,
approaches to problems in statics and dynamics often relied on arithmetic
and Euclidean geometry\, at a time when mathematical solutions were also
sought for ancient Greek problems rational numbers could only estimate (eg
. doubling the cube\, squaring the circle\, trisecting the angle). I will
use examples in the work of Leonardo da Vinci and his contemporaries as ev
idence of the central role of proportional geometry and arithmetic among a
rtist/engineers for solutions in the natural sciences and practical arts.\
nSpeakers:\nMatthew Landrus (University of Oxford)
LOCATION:All Souls College (Hovenden Room)\, High Street OX1 4AL
URL:https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/118ab803-d6f0-4d16-a8c8-5c9838e49cf0/
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DESCRIPTION:Talk:Geometry and mathematics for the technical and visual art
s at the turn of the sixteenth century - Matthew Landrus (University of Ox
ford)
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