What drives migration outflows of foreign populations from Spain? Evidence from the Great Recession

In the current era of globalisation, the scope and consequences of an economic crisis are bound to affect different features of this global society; the phenomenon of international migration is one of them. Since the nineties, Spain has received a large number of immigrants to the point of becoming one of the highest immigrant-receiving countries in the world. However, the outbreak of the economic downturn meant a turning point in this trend; in fact, this unprecedented crisis has coincided with the end of this period of international migration to Spain, giving rise to a new era of out-migration. In this presentation, migration outflows of foreign populations from Spain during the Great Recession are analysed in trying to uncover the main factors shaping them.