About the Speaker: Dr Sophia Hoffmann is a political scientist focused on the international relations of the Middle East. Her current research project “Learning Intelligence: the Exchange of Secret Service Knowledge between Germany and the Arab Middle East” focuses on the role that intelligence agencies play for modern statehood. Previously, she spent ten years studying migration and humanitarian aid in Syria and its neighbouring states. Her book Iraqi Migrants in Syria: The Crisis before the Storm, published in 2016 by Syracuse University Press, draws on several years of ethnographic research in Damascus. Sophia holds a PhD from SOAS, London and previous degrees from the LSE and the University of Sussex.