Jorge Luengo is currently a Humboldt fellow at the Leibniz Institute of European History (Mainz). He obtained his PhD in History and Civilization at the European University Institute (Florence) in 2011. He was also a visiting fellow at the Free University in Berlin, the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales in Paris, and the University of Los Andes in Bogotá. His main fields of research are nineteenth-century urban elites in Spain in transnational perspective, and the Catalan-Spanish conflict of national identities in twentieth century. He has published Una sociedad conyugal: las élites de Valladolid en el espejo de Magdeburgo en el siglo XIX (Valencia, 2014), as well as several articles and book chapters on these topics. His current research focuses on the role of symbolic politics in the emergence of modern parliaments in Spain and New Granada during the Age of Revolutions.