About the Talk
A unique and very large-scale data collection effort for sub-daily precipitation across multiple continents has produced new insight into the global climatology of sub-daily precipitation extremes from gauge data and their thermodynamic and large-scale drivers. Peak intensities of extreme short-duration rainfall are intensifying more rapidly than would be expected with global warming, with this rapid intensification also borne out by studies on the apparent scaling relation between dew point temperature and extreme hourly precipitation intensities. Alongside this advance has been the development of regional scale radar datasets which have provided new insights on changes to the spatial structure of intense precipitation. Despite this new understanding from observations it is not trivial that these observed relationships will hold in a warming climate. However, the development of new very high resolution convection-permitting model (CPM) simulations that adequately resolve cloud processes at climate-length scales now allow projections to be made for sub-daily precipitation extremes. These have provided insight into mechanisms of change and quantification of changes in extreme precipitation characteristics at up to continental scales and provide clear implications for flash flooding of urban areas and smaller catchments.
About the Speaker
Prof Hayley Fowler is Professor of Climate Change Impacts in the School of Engineering at Newcastle University. Her research focuses on improved physical understanding of changing precipitation extremes and providing better projections for climate adaptation. She has pioneered new downscaling techniques to bridge the gap between climate modellers and users of climate scenarios (e.g. UKCP09 Weather Generator). She is a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union (2018) and a Royal Society Wolfson Research Fellow (2014-19) for her work on understanding climate change impacts on hydrological systems, extreme rainfall and flooding, following a Philip Leverhulme Prize (2011) and NERC Postdoctoral Fellowship (2006-10). She leads the GEWEX Hydroclimatology Panel sub-daily precipitation cross-cut, is Chief Editor of Frontiers in Interdisciplinary Climate Studies. She is a Contributing Author to the Water Cycle and Extremes Chapters for the WGI IPCC 6th Assessment Report and the UK 3rd Climate Change Risk Assessment.