Suggested preparatory reading:
Caroline Walker Bynum, Christian Materiality: An Essay on Religion in Late Medieval Europe (2011), esp. 89-101; David S. Areford, The Viewer and the Printed Image in Late Medieval Europe (2010), esp. ch. 6; Lisa H. Cooper and Andrea Denny-Brown, ‘Introduction: Arma Christi: The Material Culture of the Passion’, in The Arma Christi in Medieval and Early Modern Material Culture, ed. Liza H. Cooper, Andrea Denny-Brown (2014), 1-19.